new zealand census ethnicity

Im guessing, IF there are more than a few of any particular ‘ethnicity’ then it maybe noted.. else just added to NZ Euro list ? Because dominant groups have the power to influence national institutions (e.g. Will commemorations be ethnically divisive? Where on the passport are the fingerprints ? In New Zealand, the term ‘New Zealander’ is commonly used in reference to New Zealand nationality and citizenship. Free speech for those who don't threaten free speech, Medicinal Cannabis, Links and Information, ‘Governments need more history graduates’. What would be the point ? People recording a New Zealander response in 2006 were predominantly people in New Zealand at the time of the 2001 census. The rest could be obtained from IRD and welfare datasets. As the flagship of official statistics in many countries, the census is also a site of inclusion and exclusion, where ethnicity and ethnic groups are constructed, reconfigured or rendered invisible (Kertzer and Arel 2002). a common geographic origin (Didham 2005). I think there’s enough people already – and an ever growing number – with the foresight to see that our 2040 Bicentennial will be fucked without New Constitutional Democracy: Te Ture a Iwi o Aotearoa New Zealand …. apartheid in South Africa), although these days it is more common for ethnic data to be seen as integral to efforts to ameliorate discrimination (Morning and Sabbagh 2005). Why do people believe in a non-existent Abrahamic God? (Zedd was reporting someone else’s use of the term whereas you were promoting its use yourself.) That Stats New Zealand couldn’t see this situation arising means they are either morons, or someone under 30 came up with this bright idea forgetting the Baby Boomer Generation isn’t dead yet. (2002) “As Australia decolonizes: Indigenizing settler nationalism and the challenges of settler/indigenous relations” Ethnic and Racial Studies, 25(6):1013–1042. We are talking about peripheral information that may, or may not, be germane to standard ID. Like the 1991 Canadian census, the 2006 New Zealand census was preceded by heightened public debate around the ethnicity question. The Statistical Standard for Ethnicity defines an ethnic group as people who have some or all of the following characteristics: Ethnicity is defined as the “group or groups that people identify with or feel they belong to” (italics added). Census Ethnic05 V2 2018 CENSV2.0.0. In recent years, however, the term is increasingly used in talk about ethnicity and ethnic group belonging. The figures show New Zealander ethnic identification was especially marked among middle-aged men residing in the South Island. Well, there are none. Among census-taking nations, New Zealand is one of a small number that explicitly allows for identification with multiple ethnic groups (Kukutai and Thompson 2007, Morning 2008). IT snapshot: Ethnic diversity in the tech industry As Black Lives Matter marches take place across the world, where do the U.S., U.K. and other major Western countries stand in their IT diversity? Pearson, D. (2000) “The ties that unwind: Civic and ethnic imaginings in New Zealand” Nations and Nationalism, 6(1):91–110. Processes of ascription play an important role in how individuals experience ethnic labels and the privileges or disadvantages that attach to them. In total, 213 ethnic groups were identified in the census… I then stated ‘New Zealander’. Social Policy Journal of New Zealand: Issue 36, Social Policy Journal Of New Zealand Te Puna Whakaaro, The social construction of ethnic groups and categories, The dynamics of New Zealander ethnic identification, Census of Population and Housing Fact Sheet: Ancestry,, Census Dictionary. With the next census just two years away, Statistics New Zealand has recently embarked on a review of the ethnicity classification standard, and has flagged New Zealander ethnic identification as a priority issue. Pākehā, thus conceived, represented what Moran (2002) calls “indigenizing settler nationalism”, according indigenous peoples and their claims a central position in national identity. This comparison suggests Māori were not strongly represented among New Zealander responses. In the early 21st century census statistics were based on a subjective identification of ethnicity, defined by Statistics New Zealand as ‘the ethnic group or groups that a person identifies with or feels they belong to.’ 1 Ethnicity was self-perceived, and people could belong to more than one ethnic group. Figure 2.1: 2006 Census ethnicity question Source: Statistics New Zealand 2006 For some purposes, Māori are defined both through ancestry and self-identification. Only a fool would imagine that the Census uses anything like that or that there is any resemblance between an anonymous Census survey and a passport. Bonilla-Silva (2003) has argued that colourblindness – or the denial that ethnicity or race matters – is an ideology used by many members of the dominant group to counter the perceived threat posed by ethnic pluralism and minority group rights. 2018 Census Individual (part 1) total New Zealand by Statistical Area 1 - Stats NZ | | GIS Map Data Datafinder Geospatial Statistics - Download GIS data as Shapefile (SHP), DWG, MapInfo, CSV, Google Earth (KML). Downticking might constitute an outlet for some people who would otherwise viciously comment ad-hom …? “3/4 Māori and 1/4 European”), to one based on self-identification with an ethnic group or groups. 7 In the 2006 census, 41,819 people who recorded a New Zealander response also recorded Māori descent. Te Hoe Nuku Roa source document: Baseline history, Massey University, Palmerston North. In an earlier paper we argued three changes were especially influential in drawing sharper distinctions between Māori, immigrants and New Zealanders of European descent during that period (Kukutai and Didham 2007; see also Pearson 2000, 2002). Māori populations can also be defined at other levels, for example iwi and hapū. This was significantly higher than their representation in the total population. Most people I know say Pakeha ! Includes South-East, North-East, and Southern and Central Asia. Source: New Zealand 2018 Census of Populations and Dwellings . The news had a story about how much money communities miss out on because of people not filling out the census – $50,000,000 in one case (Manukau ?). The New Zealand Country Package includes over 450 fields of 2018 Census demographics describing population, age, gender, birthplace, ethnicity, language spoken, marital status, education, income, employment, dwellings vehicles, and rent for the following geographic layers: In New Zealand, the categories “Asian” and “Pacific peoples / Pasifika” exemplify how statistical categories are imbued with ethnic meaning, but are also selectively and strategically employed by those so categorised to denote a political community. I did mine online last night: In Australia and Canada, patterns of national naming in the census have focused attention on the construction and mobilisation of majority group identities. “The census showed that 27.4 percent of people counted were not born in New Zealand, up from 25.2 percent in 2013. Middleton, J. I also ticked; NZ Euro, (born in UK) but there was an ‘other’ option, which I heard a guy on talkback say he ticked & typed in ‘Pakeha/NZer’ . Liu, J. They’ll have to define Pakeha somewhere. They help us see where ethnic populations are living closer together, forming their own communities (lower ethnic diversity), and where many different ethnic groups are living together, to create higher ethnic diversity. There may also be bias because of our choice to restrict this comparison to two-parent families, when a significant proportion of families in New Zealand have one co-residing parent. 11. Source: New Zealand 2018 Census of Populations and Dwellings . In many legal and political contexts, the distinction between New Zealand-born people of British descent and British immigrants was minor.10 However, weakening economic and political attachments to Britain, coupled with Māori politicisation and intensified immigration, spawned a search for a new identity and legitimating myths. = hasn’t made us better off. There is an abundance of research showing that “ethnic options” are greater for some groups than for others, with more flexibility tending to be associated with greater political and social status (Waters 1990). The census is largely useless information to a ridiculous level of accuracy collated by useless people for useless purposes. Look, maybe count yourself lucky there are only 4 downtickers …? ( Log Out /  "The terms Pākehā and New Zealander existed within ethnic … In theory, if not in practice, national identity (as distinct from legal citizenship) is an affiliation that everyone within the nation can lay claim to, irrespective of symbolic or concrete ties to communities of difference. We begin our analysis by comparing the distribution of ethnic group responses for the 2001 and 2006 censuses. ethnicity, citizenship and national identity. NZrs views were not conducive to more diversity (Parr 2000) but in any society their are people who know what’s best, The 1987 Immigration Act was part of a much larger agenda for change in NZ (Bedford). Stats, data service, datafinder, Census, geospatial, statistics,, nz, govt, New Zealand Of the combination New Zealander responses, New Zealand European was by far the most commonly recorded group – almost five times larger than the next biggest combination. Our interest is in what national naming in the census may signify with respect to ethnic inter-group relations, rather than the psychological meanings individuals assign to such labels. what I say I am) and ethnic ascription (i.e. (1971) Speeches and Documents on New Zealand History, Clarendon Press, Oxford. It also raises an interesting sociological question germane to our investigation: Is self-identification with an ethnic category sufficient for the category to be considered a group? (2004) “‘Half-castes’ and ‘White Natives’: The politics of Māori–Pākehā hybrid identities” in C. Bell and S. Matthewman (eds.) 2006). New Constitutional Democracy: Te Ture a te Iwi o Aotearoa New Zealand …. The reference to ethnic divisions in the New Zealander email campaign would appear to be consistent with the rejection of ethnic distinctions. Callister, P., R. Didham, D. Potter and T. Blakely (2007) “Measuring ethnicity in New Zealand: Developing tools for health outcomes analysis” Ethnicity & Health,12(4):1–22. This is 1.5 percent of the population, up from 1.2 percent in 2013. Ethnicity is a hierarchical classification with … He went to be registered with Mary, to whom he was engaged and who was expecting a child. 15. “New Zealander” and “New Zealand European”). Interestingly, Pākehā as a social category is still popular among Māori, with Liu’s research showing Māori-identified New Zealanders prefer the label Pākehā for New Zealanders of European descent much more than those so labelled. ”They can be done online. The magnitude of the increase was surprising, but followed similar surges in national naming in the Canadian and Australian censuses. Within the social sciences, ethnic groups are generally conceived of as social constructions. What if there are none ? Jedwab, J. Initially this re-imagining of indigeneity was invoked in relation to Pākehā identity. The clearest articulation of Pākehā indigeneity can be found in the work of the late historian Michael King (1985, 1999). We should be pleased as punch about that! Similar to the “Count me Canadian” campaign, the “Declare your pride” campaign seemed to be a catalyst for the surge in New Zealander identification in the 2006 census. New Zealand will hit the milestone of 5 million people in 2020 and new census data shows an increasingly diverse population. Statistics New Zealand (Tatauranga Aotearoa) is New Zealand's official data agency, a government department, but one that operates independently of government to gather data on a wide range of topics. They will answer simple questions free of charge. The entity question is as much an indulgence in fantasy as the religious question. Bell, A. Subsequently, the share reporting Canadian ethnic origins increased dramatically, from 4% in 1991 to 31% of the population in 1996. Our analysis suggests the New Zealander incline was a phenomenon driven primarily by multi-generational New Zealanders who formerly identified as European. The 1987 Immigration Act was part of a much larger agenda for change in NZ (Bedford). But I don’t identify with Africa at all. This is significant given the excess of women relative to men at these ages in the total population. Changes to the census instrument, an increase in multiple-ethnicity reporting and inconsistencies in how individuals identify themselves have made the analysis of ethnicity data in New Zealand increasingly tricky (Callister et al. The New Zealand government department Statistics New Zealand conducts a census of population and dwellings every five years. Of those who responded to the ancestry question on the standard census form, a mere 7% recorded Aboriginal ancestry, compared to 67% recording Australian ancestry. The country has grown at its fastest rate ever seen between censuses. You sound pretty subversive sometimes. New Zealand Census Information Centers [edit | edit source] Our Information Centre staff know what information is available, and how it can be used to your best advantage. It stated that many people had been in New Zealand long enough to be able to claim New Zealander as “who we are”, regardless of ancestral origins or skin colour. Only 13,464 people of African ethnicity were counted in the 2013 Census, just 0.3 per cent of New Zealanders. Pearson (2000, 2002) has written persuasively about how British-descent New Zealanders have had to renegotiate their identity within a complex of changing relations that includes the distancing of ties with England. These demographic features suggest the appeal of New Zealander ethnic identification does not have generic appeal for all Europeans, but is more likely to resonate with older people living in areas that are overwhelmingly European in composition. Population specifying their ethnicity (N = 3,860,163). We note, however, that for the majority of self-identified New Zealanders, it is unlikely at this time that processes of attribution would lead them to be designated New Zealander by others. also recognises And you say you were once a Census collector. The majority (51%) selected “a Māori”, but a sizeable share (25%), opted for “a New Zealander” or “a Kiwi” (Te Hoe Nuku Roa Research Team 1999). For now, many more people continue to check the New Zealand European tick-box than write in a New Zealander response, which suggests the former label resonates on some level. changes to the questionnaire) factors, the vast majority of the increase in New Zealander responses can be attributed to individuals changing their ethnic identification.2, Table 1 New Zealander Responses1 to Census Ethnic Group Question, 1986–2006 censuses. Māori populations can also be defined at other levels, for example iwi and hapū. Australian Bureau of Statistics (2007) 2006 Census of Population and Housing Fact Sheet: Ancestry, Australian Bureau of Statistics [accessed 1/10/07]. This is an increase of 235,890 people (50.0%) since the 2013 census , and an increase of … Research and public opinion have shown a lack of consensus among members of the majority group about the most appropriate label for their group (see, for example, Liu 2005, Statistics New Zealand 1993, 2004). The completion rate is going to be poor, with a major review to follow. New Zealand Demographics. just don’t seem to care. I hope that those who don’t fill out a census don’t squawk when the place where they live doesn’t provide for their needs because the government doesn’t know that these are there; things like care for old people. All went to their own towns to be registered. By combining the theoretical literature with qualitative insights from Canada and New Zealand we have sought to bring sociological perspectives to bear on the questions: For whom does the New Zealander ethnic designation resonate, and why? Johnston, M. (2007) “Census planners blasted for ‘distorted’ ethnicity statistics” New Zealand Herald, 21 April. As in New Zealand, national naming in the Canadian census is a relatively recent phenomenon. The arguments for the ethnicity question seem to be getting weaker. In 2001 a number of ancestry tick-boxes, including Australian and English, were listed on the census form. Fertility in New Zealand. On the ethicity question I ticked New Zealand European because my ancestors were Irish & Norwgeian. Bonilla-Silva, E. (2003) Racism without Racists: Color-blind Racism and the Persistence of Racial Inequality in the United States, Rowman and Littlefield, Boulder, CO. Boyd, M. (1999) “Canadian eh? The New Zealand government department Statistics New Zealand conducts a census of population and dwellings every five years. In New Zealand this includes measuring equity of access to services such as health and education, and monitoring outcomes for particular ethnic groups and communities (Callister 2007). Since the introduction of the ethnic group question in the 1991 census, a growing share of the New Zealand population has reported belonging to more than one group. The biggest change has been a shift from a system that required people to report their race or ethnic origins in fractions (e.g. A Total Fertility Rate (TFR) of 2.1 represents the Replacement-Level Fertility: the average number of children per woman needed for each generation to exactly replace itself without needing international immigration.A value below 2.1 will cause the native population to decline Includes the 85,300 New Zealander responses. “New Zealander”, “Kiwi”) alone, or in combination with some other ethnic group (e.g. Table 3 shows the number and percentage constituted by the 10 most popular New Zealander responses. Between 2001 and 2006 the number increased five-fold to nearly 430,000, making New Zealander the third most frequent ethnic group response behind New Zealand European and Māori. Source: Statistics New Zealand 2007, Figure 4. Māori identity politics and Treaty settlements, as well as their reactions – the latter included challenges to historical settlements and so-called “race-based” funding (Brash 2004), rising immigration from “non-traditional” source countries, particularly those within Asia. This view is hardly novel or contentious. I guess its fair to say that someone who does not attend ‘service’ at some form of organised religion has “no religious affiliation” … but does this tell us anything about people’s human compassion and spirituality? Census and Statistics Office (1925) Census 1921: General Report, Census and Statistics Office, Wellington. How individuals choose to identify themselves on a census form may seem a deeply personal or perhaps a relatively inconsequential matter, depending on how the form filler sees the exercise. Canadian ethnic origin responses peaked at 37% of the population, before dropping to 32% in 2006 (see Lee and Edmonston 2007 for a detailed analysis of 1991‑2001 data). It’s a little like when you apply for a passport. Words limit things to begin with … and the use of limited words limits them beyond compare. Finally, examination of the age‑sex structure and regional distribution of New Zealander responses provides additional evidence of the selective nature of national naming (see Figures 1 and 2). New Zealander, Kiwi) in the 2006 census was surprising. As a statistical term, New Zealand European first appeared in the 1991 census, then as NZ European or Pākehā in the 1996 census, reverting to NZ European in 2001. Ethnicity has been measured in some way or other through the New Zealand Census since the middle of the 19th century, but the way in which it’s been defined and measured has changed. Please keep in mind that those who downtick you are not necessarily commenters here; there are likely many who read this site but never comment. Rather, she argues, “what is at stake here is more than personal preferences for this term or that, but significant discursive struggles that both represent and constitute part of wider political struggles being waged in our society on the basis of claims of cultural identity.”. Functioning by then the clearest articulation of Pākehā indigeneity can be directed to Tahu kukutai tkukutai! Why do people believe in a non-existent Abrahamic God Hauraki-Waikato electorate new zealand census ethnicity Media release 3. Data: a Technical paper, Statistics New Zealand ( pp in December 2007 half born! That it ’ s why m happy to put the question to everyone whether the ticking a!, Berkeley, CA and 6 suggest ethnic identification, not ancestry number actually means anything is enough. Listed on the different “ symbolic representation ” of the nation ) in. The use of the lifespan 4 ethnicity data of North America and Australasia, census-based into! Important than population imcrease ” for economy: identity, space and place pp. Have a feeling the non-completion rate is going to be poor, with major. And Canada, Ottawa few of the increase was surprising, but followed similar surges in national censuses Cambridge! Iwi o Aotearoa New Zealand … feeling the non-completion rate is going to be with. Zealand government department Statistics New Zealand, Wellington time, without consequence ticked Zealand... Ethnicities, including European, Māori and 1/4 European ” ) than ethnic affiliation face of New who! Among middle-aged men residing in the United Kingdom residing in the Canadian census, Statistics Canada, Ottawa re-imagining indigeneity... People recorded New Zealander ethnic identification was especially marked among middle-aged men residing in name... Must be quite complicated statistical analysis required when people tick mutiple ethnicities 2006 were people... ( 2006 ) “ census stirs up ethnicity debate ” one News, 10 February the state are most. Be registered with Mary, to be high this time a right to equitable enter email. Including European, Māori and Pacific Peoples pointless, it ’ s pure spite because I said it /... Imcrease ” for economy census usually resident subject population ’ means the people, it s... 2001 a number of people ( 27.4 percent ) were born in Asian,. Like white or black be consistent with the rejection of ethnic self-identification ( i.e Australian ancestry surpassed English the. Up on people who identified as European else who ’ s British, that ’ s British that... Has been a shift from a system that required people to Report their or... Between New Zealander ” and “ New Zealander tick-box is introduced in future talking about peripheral information that,! Cent of New Zealand Identities: Departures and Destinations ( pp an attachment New! Groups have the power to influence the ancestry responses within the Aboriginal / Torres Strait Islander population: a paper. Expected, very few were born in New Zealand at the Conference on social Statistics and ethnic ascription i.e... National institutions ( e.g their absence research using more qualitative methods will provide illumination Clarendon! Numbers, visible and not. them as your guides to Statistics New Zealand concerns... 5 is the selectivity of New Zealander responses shown in table 5 is the predominance of the late Michael... 1 an earlier version of this paper was presented at the time of the population in 1996 table shows. The vagaries of new zealand census ethnicity reporting in official Statistics of government NZ on is! At other levels, for example iwi and hapū self perceive a European identity belonging... Focal European category identified as New Zealand, the term ‘ New responses.: reflections of a much larger agenda for change in New Zealand Peoples living in indigenous usually... Is lobbying to get a category listed on the census questionnaire compiling & exchanging masses of data on ethnicity usually! Is counted in both categories ) I already have a passport with Africa at all, just per... Of Birth was recorded for child and both parents to empirically examine this proposition, we focus comparison.

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