However, the loss of Antarctic sea ice could pose a potential threat in the future by interrupting their breeding behavior. Hydrurga means water worker, and leptonyx means slender or small-clawed in Greek. Leopard seal, also called Sea Leopard, (Hydrurga leptonyx), generally solitary, earless seal (family Phocidae) that inhabits Antarctic and sub-Antarctic regions. 860 pounds. They may migrate around their natural range throughout the year in response to the presence of ice floes and prey. For those that tame leopard seals, they will find them an adept amphibious mount for the ocean, with affinity for killing kairuku and storing their polymer. The overall length of this seal is 2.4-3.5 m (7.9-11.7 ft) and weight is from 200 to 600 kilograms (440 to 1,300 lb). The leopard seal’s disproportionately large head, massive jaws, impressive teeth and tremendous gape give it a snake-like appearance. In what type of habitat do Leopard Seals live? around 65 pounds while the large seals have an average weight of Phocids include the harbor seal and Hawaiian monk seal. They are very strong animals and they tend to take over the areas where they reside. They are dark gray in color and can weigh up to 1,300 pounds. Length: 2.5-3.5 metres. Perfect for a self-guided quiet activity. But seabirds aren’t the only large animals on their menu. Their lives revolve around fidelity to the pack ice and nearby islands. Their bodies are long and slender and their heads appear to be almost a little too large for their thin serpent like bodies. The most distinctive feature of the species is the black spots around the white parts of the body. They can also be about 11 feet long. This pattern resembles the big cat for which it’s named.These seals can reach more than 12 feet in length and weigh more than a thousand pounds. This is the opposite of some Pinnipeds, such as the elephant seal, in which males are larger than the females. The leopard seal has a distinctively long and muscular body shape when compared to other seals, but it is perhaps best known for its reptilian-like head and massive jaws which are enormous for its body size and which allow it to be one of the top predators in its environment. Despite its solitary nature, the leopard seal is nevertheless a highly vocal species. This makes them one of the largest and most imposing seals in the world. In order to better deal with water pressure, leopard seals can collapse their lungs before diving underneath the water.  It feeds on a wide range of prey including cephalopods, other pinnipeds, krill, birds and fish.It is the only species in the genus Hydrurga. Females actually outweigh males by a considerable margin. The leopard seal is large, but smaller than the elephant seal and walrus. Copyright Â© 2021 Multiply Media, LLC. It is believed that they can move up to 25 mph for short periods when swimming. Their only sustained contact with other seals throughout the year is during the mating season. The material on this site can not be reproduced, distributed, transmitted, cached or otherwise used, except with prior written permission of Multiply. A typical male is about 10 feet long and weighs more than 600 pounds. Leopard seals are long, smooth, carnivorous mammals with a rounded head, big snout, large mouths, and flippers on all four feet (which enclose both their elbows and knees). Leopard Seals - Hydrurga leptonyx Named for the spotting on its underside, the Leopard Seal is one of the largest predators in Antarctica, smaller only than the killer whale. It is believed that the leopard seal males will make certain vocalizations to attract and secure mates. They are about the same length as the northern walrus but usually less than half the weight. The pup must learn quickly to swim and hunt because it will begin to live on its own shortly after being weaned. He usually departed following the end of the mating cycle.Female leopard seals have a lengthy gestation period that lasts until around October or November (around ten months). What type of covering do Leopard Seals have? Since then, they have evolved special adaptations to suit life in the water. Some species (not necessarily leopard seals) are kept in captivity to entertain and educate people about marine life. Female leopard seals, the larger of the two sexes, can grow up to 590 kg (1,300 pounds) and 3.8m meters (10 feet) long. The leopard seal is considered to be an apex predator that has few other natural predators in the wild. They usually stay within a few hundred feet of the surface.Although the leopard seal species has not been thoroughly studied, it is generally understood that seals (even the solitary species) are playful, smart, and inquisitive creatures. They have long bodies from 2.5 to 3.5 meters (8 to 11.5 feet) and elongated heads. Leopard Seals belong to the genus Hydrurga. There are also reports that sharks may sometimes attack and consume leopard seals, but actual observation of leopard seal predation is relatively rare.Because the species occupies an extreme environment on the fringes of the world, humans are not a significant threat to them, apart from the occasional entanglements in fishing nets. The largest is the male elephant seal (genus Mirounga leonina) of coastal California (including Baja California, Mexico) and South America, which can reach a length of 6.5 metres (21 feet) and a weight of 3,700 kg (8,150 pounds). The leopard seal has been known to live up to 30 years in the wild, but the average life span might be less than this. 70% off with coupon code LOVEANIMALS. This distinguishes them from the eared seals of the family Otariidae. However, the male does not stick around for the birth of the child. These seals lack an external ear flap. Their heads and jaws are specially adapted for a carnivorous diet, making them one of the most fearsome carnivores in the Antarctic waters. This seal is sometimes called the sea leopard, and the resemblance is more than skin deep. Adult males can measure up to 2.5-3.2m in length and weigh 200-455kg, while adult females are … However, few people have ever seen one up close, since direct contact with humans is rare and fleeting. Leopard seals are extremely large animals. The pattern is similar to that of the famous big cat, though the seal's coat is gray rather than golden in color. Leopard seals can live up to 26 years in the wild. They are regularly seen around New Zealand. … The leopard seal can grow from a length range of 7.9 to 11.5 feet and a weight range of 440 to 1,320 pounds. The de… Leopard seals are largely solitary creatures that live and hunt on their own. The body of male and female leopard seals is in different size. Children can practice coloring letters and learn about animals at the same time! The leopard seal has an extremely long, muscular body, with a hugeset of jaws. Leopard Seals belong to the Kingdom Animalia. The coat is counter-shadedwith a silver to dark gray blend and a distinctiv… Instead, they have a simple opening on either side of the head that leads to the ear canal. The leopard seal is the only living species in the genus Hydrurga. It also belongs to the family of Phocidae, meaning the earless or true seals. Leopard seals have the weight of 440 to 1,320 lb or 200 to 600 kg. Before diving underneath the water, the seal can collapse its lungs to deal with the water pressure. The reproductive habits of the leopard seal remain something of a mystery to biologists. The leopard seal lives in the cold waters surrounding the Antarctic continent. However, due to its sheer size and strength, a person would not want to antagonize or provoke the creature. Leopard seals are extremely large animals. However, as the name implies, it is far more leopard than seal in temperament. The larger group of seals, the Pinnipeds, also includes sea lions and walruses. The leopard seal (Hydrurga leptonyx), also referred to as the sea leopard, is the second largest species of seal in the Antarctic (after the southern elephant seal).Its only natural predator is the killer whale. Weight: 200–600 kg. They also appear to have a higher concentration of oxygen-storing molecules in their blood. Leopard seals feast on fish, squid, shellfish, penguins, sea birds, and smaller seals. … Location: The Antarctic plus southern hemisphere shorelines. Compared to Other Seals. The neck is a lighter grey and patterned with black spots. The Leopard Seal is the second largest of all seals out there. We’ve given it some thought and compiled a list. Leopard seal has silver grey or dark grey (nearly black) skin on the back and whitish silver skin on the front side of the body. Leopard Seals belong to the class Mammalia. Catching the prey, the leopard can reach speeds of up to 40 km / h. Because of the streamlined shape of the body, this seal resembles a torpedo, which facilitates movement at high speed. Shellfish are a far less dramatic prey but still an important part of the leopard seal's diet. Leopard seals are earless seals. Main Characteristics Leopard Seals have a fearsome reputation and they are the top predators in the Antarctic waters. The world's most aggressive seal species! Diet: Penguins, other species of seal, krill, squid, fish. Leopard seal vs sea lion size. This highly distinctive species has a set of unmistakable features to help it survive in the wild, including blubber and flippers. Clumsy on land but graceful in the sea, the leopard seal is a finely skilled predator that thrives in the frigid waters of Antarctica. In the early 20th century, research conducted by ethologist […] Read More. Crabeater weddell leopard. These seals travel widely, some even going as far to the north as the coasts in the south parts of South America and South Africa. For the next four weeks, the female is responsible for raising and weaning the young pup on its own. They have evolved specialized teeth that can strain out tiny prey from the surrounding water as they move. Apart from scientific and research purposes, direct contact between humans and leopard seals is incredibly rare. What does contingent mean in real estate? The baby seals weigh The leopard seal is earless, about 10 to 12 feet long (females slightly larger than males), weighs between 800 and 1000 pounds, and always seems to be smiling because the edges of its mouth curl upward. View all of the Leopard Seal images! What do leopard seals eat - are they carnivores, herbivores, or omnivores? Males are often quite aggressive and territorial in the competition for the right females. Most of this time is spent on the ice floes, where the pup is mostly safe and secure from potential carnivores. Leopard Seals belong to the order Carnivora. The scientific name of the leopard seal is Hydrurga leptonyx. However, it is believed that sexual maturity usually takes several years to achieve. The diet of a particular Leopard Seal depends on its size. It measured 262 cm (8 ft 7 in). An average weight for a leopard seal is between 200 and 600kg (440 and 1,320lb). The young creature can weigh more than 60 pounds straight out of the mother’s womb. However, on average, it weighs around 840 pounds. So, without further ado, let the countdown begin! An Indian leopard killed in Himachal Pradesh in 2016 measured 261 cm (8 ft 7 in) with an estimated weight of 78.5 kg (173 lb) was perhaps the largest known wild leopard. This week ONLY. With their sharp teeth, claws, and big powerful jaws, these carnivores have rightly earned a reputation as one of the fiercest predators of the sea. The leopard seals spend the majority of their lives in and around the water, occasionally coming up on the ice for rest, safety, and breeding. Although leopard seals have small claws on their flippers, it’s actually their big teeth that allow them to kill and consume larger prey. The muzzle, throat and belly are light grey scattered with dark grey and black spots. Polar bears are far too large and dangerous for any creature (especially a solitary one like the leopard seal) to take on. The large repertoire of calls includes trills, barks, and moans (which may vary with age) to help them establish territory and attract potential mates. This has allowed the leopard seal to proliferate throughout the seas of the most southern extremes on the planet. They have a body length between 2.5 and 3.2 m (8.25 - 10 ft) and they weigh between 200 and 455 Kgs (440 - 1,000 lbs). Despite this, they are protected by international conventions against hunting. This week ONLY! In colour, the leopard seal shades from almost black to almost blue on the flanks. The front teeth are sharp like those of other carnivores, but their molars lock together in a way that allows them to sieve krill from the water in the manner of the crabeater seal. Leopard seals exhibit sexual dimorphism, meaning that males and females have somewhat different physical characteristics. The diet of the leopard seal mainly consists of fish, squid, shellfish, penguins (including gentoos and emperors), sea birds, and sometimes even the pups of other seal species. Why don't libraries smell like bookstores? Leopard Seals belong to the family Phocidae. Due to the difficulty of surveying the Antarctic region, it is difficult to estimate precisely how many leopard seals are alive in the world. Appearance: Mottled, dark grey on back, lighter on belly.. How do Leopard Seals hunt? After ambushing their feathered prey, they hold it in their long curved teeth and thrash it at the water’s surface, tearing it into swallowable chunks of flesh. Their front flippers, which are relatively large in relation to body size, allow them to steer with incredible agility and precision in the water, while their hind flippers provide speed and locomotion with a side-to-side stroke. How old was queen elizabeth 2 when she became queen? Click through all of our Leopard Seal images in the gallery. Clumsy on land but graceful in the sea, the leopard seal is a finely skilled predator that thrives in the frigid waters of Antarctica. The captured bird is thrashed about on the water until its skin peels away. The Leopard Seal Hydrurga leptonyx. They have a color gradient that shifts from white on their underside, to dark gray on their backs. Some estimates put the true numbers at above 100,000 or even 200,000.Unlike other species, the leopard seal has not been traditionally hunted for its fat and fur, sparing it from rapid depletion. There have only been a few recorded leopard seal attacks, including a single death in 2003 involving an accidental drowning. Once a couple has paired up, the actual mating process probably occurs in the water. These clever creatures will hunt the seal either alone or in packs by deploying intelligent strategies to corner and consume them. Early researchers called them the “principal enemy of the penguins” and today many people know them best as the bad guy from Happy Feet. The Leopard seal gets its name from its spotted coat pattern. The thick layer of blubber provides special insulation from the frigid waters. The remaining carcass is then eaten. They often compete with each other to acquire food, but they can sometimes cooperate to take down prey as well. However, several facts can be inferred about the reproductive behavior of the species based on some documentation.The species breeds only once every year around the months of December and January. All Rights Reserved. Where is Jesse De-Wilde son of Brandon deWilde? In order to catch more evasive animals, these clever hunters will lie in wait for prey or sneak up and snatch them directly from below the water. Because it is difficult to access the frigid environments of the Antarctic, actual leopard seal mating has almost never been observed directly. They seem to have unique behaviors and rituals associated with certain stylized vocalizations and sounds.Over millions of years of evolution, these seals have acquired specific adaptations to help it cope with the harsh realities of its cold marine environment. Other Name(s): Sea leopard Scientific Name: Hydrurga leptonyx Type of Animal: Mammal Animal Family: Phocidae (the earless, or ‘true seal’ family) Where Found: Mainly along the Antarctic coast Life Span: Up to 26 years Length: 2.4-3.5m (7.9-11.6ft) Weight: 200-600kgs (440-1,320lbs) Just like the cetaceans, leopard seals can go a long amount of time between breaths of oxygen. Unlike true seals, they have external ear flaps. These seals are characterized by beinglarge and very voluptuous in terms of muscles, and their skin color may vary but they are mostly dark gray in the upper part of their body, while their abdomen is light gray with dark or black spotswhich resemble the spots that leopards have. Interesting Leopard seal Facts: Leopard seal can reach 10 to 11.5 feet in length and 440 to 1.320 pounds of weight. According to the International Union for the Conservation of Nature (IUCN) Red List, the leopard seal is a species of least concern. How rizal overcome frustrations in his romances? National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, International Union for the Conservation of Nature (IUCN), 70% off with coupon code LOVEANIMALS. That’s about as heavy as a grand piano. The leopard seal is the largest of the four Antarctic seal species. With few natural predators and plenty of food, the leopard seal has tamed one of the most inhospitable environments on the planet. One quarter of the way along the body is a flipper on each side of the body. Why did clay walker and Lori lampson get divorced? Practice all letters, and learn about animals A-Z. This allows the female to start mating again just in time for the breeding season.Not much is known about the childhood development of the leopard seal. What is the WPS button on a wireless router? The bichir species is more than 400 million years old. But as human activity in the Antarctic becomes more frequent, contact between humans and leopard seals could increase. Males are generally slightly smaller than females. The newborn seal is called a pup, and only a single one is born at a time. Otariids, also known as eared seals, include sea lions and fur seals such as the Steller sea lion and the northern fur seal. The males are slightly smaller than the females. Click to see more animals in the Active Wild Online Zoo Leopard Seal Quick Facts. Click through all of our Leopard Seal images in the gallery. However, climate change over the long term could pose a risk to the habitat on which the species relies for its survival. Their slender body is coloured a dark grey on top and a light grey on the bottom. WEIGHT. Facts about Leopard Seals 2: the male and female leopard seals. Typemammaldietcarnivoreaverage life span in the wild12 to 15 yearssize10 to 115 ft 3 to 35 mweightup to 840 lbs 380 kg the leopard seal is a couple of feet longer. They will sometimes need to tear the prey apart first before it is small enough to be consumed. When did organ music become associated with baseball? Leopard Seal facts - Basics Weight: Males up to 300 kg / females 260 - 500 kg. A male leopard seal is about three meters long and 300 kilograms in weight – and the weight of a female leopard can reach half a ton. If the ice of the Antarctic melts or dissipates, then it will disrupt the seal’s breeding patterns. LENGTH. Their head and snout are a little small, although they have a relativelylong neck. However, unlike many other Pinnipeds, leopard seals do not make particularly deep or long dives. The baby seals weigh around 65 pounds while the large seals have an average weight of 860 pounds. Few predators have a more ferocious (or well earned) reputation than Antarctica’s leopard seals. IUCN claims that there are at least 35,000 individuals in the wild, but this may be an undercount. Leopard seals sense the surrounding environment with their short whiskers. Stats: Weight: 440 - 1,320 lbs (0.20 - 0.60 tons) Length: 7.9 - 11.5 ft (2.4 - 3.5 m) Diet: Other seals, penguins, fish, and squid; Status: Lower risk; Distribution: Leopard Seal Range Species Fact: Like their feline namesakes, leopard seals are fierce predators. Leopard seals, believe it or not, have lots of spots. Name: Leopard Seal, Sea Leopard (Hydrurga leptonyx). At the end of the body is a tail with two flippers. People enjoy the taste of the oily fish in many different ways including pickled, smoked, salted, dried and fermented. The leopard seal is most closely related to the Weddell seal, the crabeater seal, and the Ross seal, all of which live in the Antarctic.These seals are actually a type of Carnivora — an order of mammals to which cats, dogs, and bears belong. Leopard Seals belong to the phylum Chordata. It is an extremely aggressive predator, the bane of Kairuku out on the ice floes and a surprising threat to walruses. This species of Leopard Seal is several times larger than any modern species. This is its year-round home. Leopard Seals live in cold waters in the southern hemisphere. The leopard seal (Hydrurga leptonyx) is easily identified by its long slim body and comparatively large fore-flippers. Kids will enjoy practicing upper and lower case letters, while adults can read the fun facts on each page to learn more about these amazing creatures. Leopard seal feeding behavior is most easily seen when preying on penguins. Their bodies are long and slender, and their heads appear to be almost too large for their serpent-like bodies. However, one of them is the killer whale. Check Also: 10 Facts about Lemon Sharks. They must force themselves forward by wriggling on their bellies and pulling their bodies up.Fortunately, their cumbersome movement on land is not much of a hindrance. Weight: Up to 840 lbs (380 kg) The leopard seal is named for its black-spotted coat. #10 Smartest Animal on Earth: Raccoon Raccoon Reaches For Flower Raccoons may gravitate to the garbage, but they’re also super smart. 200-600 kg. What date do new members of congress take office? However, the species has been sighted as far afield as South America, Australia, New Zealand, and South Africa. The females are larger than the males, but the male individuals still quite large compared to other types of seals. 70% off with coupon code LOVEANIMALS. Facts about Leopard Seals 3: the weight and length. The overall length of this seal is 7.9–11.5 feet and weight is from 440 to 1,320 pounds. These big predators (which can reach over 3 m long and weight up to 500… Seals probably split from the rest of the Carnivoras some 50 million years ago. Their weight is from 200 to 600 kilograms (440 to 1,320 pounds). However, leopard seals are very clumsy creatures on the land. Females are larger than males. Over this base color, leopard seals are dappled with gray or black spots. They are highly carnivorous mammals that belong to the family of the true seals. Their diet can change based on the seasons and the availability of food. The maximum weight of a wild leopard is about 96 kg (212 lb), recorded in Southern Africa. A typical female is about 12 feet long and weighs up to 1,100 pounds. David Burnie, Dorling Kindersley (2011) Animal, The Definitive Visual Guide To The World's Wildlife, Tom Jackson, Lorenz Books (2007) The World Encyclopedia Of Animals, David Burnie, Kingfisher (2011) The Kingfisher Animal Encyclopedia, Richard Mackay, University of California Press (2009) The Atlas Of Endangered Species, David Burnie, Dorling Kindersley (2008) Illustrated Encyclopedia Of Animals, Dorling Kindersley (2006) Dorling Kindersley Encyclopedia Of Animals, David W. Macdonald, Oxford University Press (2010) The Encyclopedia Of Mammals. Weight 200-591kg (440-1,300lbs) Leopard Seal Images. However, leopard seals will opportunistically attack and eat whatever they can find. Their bodies are shaped as smoothly as possible to minimize drag in the sea. The leopard seal lives exclusively around the waters of Antarctica. This week ONLY. Biologists have been able to determine the last meal of a seal by analyzing the chemical composition of the whiskers. They are also one of the few seal species that consume other warm-blooded animals.The krill appears to be a favorite food of the leopard seals. Covered in a thin coat of fur, this species can be identified by the dark gray or black colors on the head and back and the white or light gray around the belly. Conservation status: Least Concern. The only seal that feeds on penguins, young seals, and other warm-blooded prey, the leopard seal is a slender animal with a relatively long head and long, three-cusped cheek teeth. November 12th is celebrated as National Pizza with the Works Except Anchovies Day, One of the rarest species of seal on Earth, What are the 10 smartest animals on Earth? They seem to have an innate ability to perform limited tasks and follow commands. That males and females have somewhat different physical Characteristics heavy as a grand.! Strong animals and they are dark gray in color and can weigh up to 300 kg / females 260 500! Seals eat - are they carnivores, herbivores, or omnivores is to! … the leopard seal facts - Basics weight: males up to 26 years in the,! Becomes more frequent, contact between humans and leopard seals are dappled with gray or black spots and seals., 70 % off with coupon code LOVEANIMALS specialized teeth that can strain out leopard seal weight! The opposite of some Pinnipeds, such as the northern walrus but usually less half. 2.5 to 3.5 meters ( 8 ft 7 in ), lighter on belly.. How do leopard have! 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