first ba 747 flight

"Boeing Shuns Very Large Jets While Aiming for Longer Range. The -300 variant was previously designated 747SUD for stretched upper deck, then 747-200 SUD,[84] followed by 747EUD, before the 747-300 designation was used. But for this particular flight, the first class flight was fantastic. During the final months before delivery of the first aircraft, the company had to repeatedly request additional funding to complete the project. James is a passionate AvGeek based in Manchester, U.K who has been actively spotting for years. By June 2020, 1,556 aircraft had been built, with 15 747-8s remaining on order. But what we do know is this. I chose this seat because it has the best view of those RB-211 engines on the forward edge of the 747 wing. British Airways 747 first class lavatory. Livery. [148] Iran Air is the last civil operator of the type; its final 747-SP (EP-IAC) was to be retired in June 2016. [161] As of July 2019[update], five 747-200s remain in service as freighters. The 747X Stretch would be extended to 263 ft (80.2 m) long, allowing it to carry 500 passengers over ranges of up to 7,800 nmi (9,000 mi, 14,500 km). [274][275], A former Pakistan International Airlines 747-300 was converted into a restaurant by Pakistan's Airports Security Force in 2017. These included Krueger flaps running almost the entire length of the wings leading edge, as well as complex three-part slotted flaps along the trailing edge of the wing. [78] In Japan, 747s on domestic routes were configured to carry nearly the maximum passenger capacity. Around 18 airframes are still queued for their eventual retirement, with the following already retired: The 1970s were when the 50-year relationship with the aircraft began, which was before the merger of the British Overseas Airways Corporation (BOAC) and British European Airways (BEA). [79], After the initial 747-100, Boeing developed the -100B, a higher maximum takeoff weight (MTOW) variant, and the -100SR (Short Range), with higher passenger capacity. When I have flown coach or business class, the overall experience can leave a bit to be desired sometimes. However, only RB211-524 (Saudia) and JT9D-7A (Iran Air) engines were ordered. [160] Iran Air retired the last passenger 747-200 in May 2016, 36 years after it was delivered. [177] As a result of the Boeing 767 development overlapping with the 747-400's development, both aircraft can use the same three powerplants and are even interchangeable between the two aircraft models. [30] The engine technology was thought to be capable of delivering double the power of the earlier turbojets while consuming one–third less fuel. [88], In 1991, a record-breaking 1,087 passengers were airlifted aboard a 747 to Israel as part of Operation Solomon. ", "747-8F and 787 delivery dates come into focus", "Boeing 747-8I Set For Pre-Delivery Evaluation Flights In Germany", "The White House cuts $3.9 billion deal with Boeing for two new Air Force Ones", "Aboard America's Doomsday command and control plane", "Airborne Laser returns for more testing", "NASA Armstrong Fact Sheet: Shuttle Carrier Aircraft", "KC-33A: Closing the Aerial Refuelling and Strategic Air Mobility Gaps (PDF). [199] The -8F was first delivered to Cargolux on October 12, 2011. ", "The Paris Air Show in facts and figures. [111] In October 2016, UPS Airlines ordered 14 -8Fs to add capacity, along with 14 options, which it took in February 2018 to increase the total to 28 -8Fs on order. First flight of the 747-100 part 2/2 Part 1: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=aHbpTahG7x4&feature=channel_video_title The Boeing 747-400 variants were delivered by 1989, and July saw the aircraft commence its first commercial flight, flying between LHR, Philadelphia (PHL) and Pittsburgh (PIT) using G-BNLC (L.N.734/MSN 23910). [1] The -400 entered service in 1989. The 747-8F made its maiden flight on February 8, 2010. [180][181] Cruising speed is up to Mach 0.855 on different versions of the 747-400. Some of the last built 747-400s were delivered with Dreamliner livery along with the modern Signature interior from the Boeing 777. [168] In 1985, just two years after the -300 entered service, the type was superseded by the announcement of the more advanced 747−400. Length: 70.6m, Height: 19.41m, Wingspan: 64.4m. After the end of the 747X program, Boeing continued to study improvements that could be made to the 747. The Tenerife airport disaster resulted from pilot error and communications failure, while the Japan Airlines Flight 123 and China Airlines Flight 611 crashes stemmed from improper aircraft repair. [115] On July 29, 2020, Boeing confirmed that the final 747 would be delivered in 2022 as a result of "current market dynamics and outlook" stemming from the COVID-19 pandemic, according to CEO David Calhoun. Track planes in real-time on our flight tracker map and get up-to-date flight status & airport information. The first full-scale evacuation took two and a half minutes instead of the maximum of 90 seconds mandated by the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), and several volunteers were injured. [70], The recession of 1969-1970 greatly affected Boeing. [141] The last 747-100B, EP-IAM was retired by Iran Air in 2014, the last commercial operator of the 747-100 and -100B. [89] Generally, the 747-400 held between 416 and 524 passengers. [99] The last 747-400s were completed in 2009. ", "Major Production Facilities – Everett, Washington", "Boeing 747, the Queen of the Skies" and "Celebrates 35th Anniversary", "Evaluating the risk from depleted uranium after the Boeing 747-258F crash in Amsterdam, 1992. [155], The combi aircraft model, the 747-200M, could carry freight in the rear section of the main deck via a side cargo door. Track British Airways (BA) #747 flight from Cardiff, Wales to Cardiff, Wales Flight status, tracking, and historical data for British Airways 747 (BA747/BAW747) including scheduled, estimated, and actual departure and arrival times. In October 1980, the first Boeing 747 Freighter, dubbed G-KILO (L.N.480/MSN 22306) was delivered to BA. [105], In January 2016, Boeing stated it was reducing 747-8 production to six a year beginning in September 2016, incurring a $569 million post-tax charge against its fourth-quarter 2015 profits. One important test involved the evacuation of 560 volunteers from a cabin mock-up via the aircraft's emergency chutes. The first 747-300, completed in 1983, included a stretched upper deck, increased cruise speed, and increased seating capacity. ", "Uranium Pollution from the Amsterdam 1992 Plane Crash. [131] Extra structural support was built into the wings, fuselage, and the landing gear along with a 20% reduction in fuel capacity. ", "Boeing Puts Last Dreamlifter In Service", "Boeing 747 Dreamlifter Achieves FAA Certification. [156][157], After launching the -200 with Pratt & Whitney JT9D-7 engines, on August 1, 1972 Boeing announced that it had reached an agreement with General Electric to certify the 747 with CF6-50 series engines to increase the aircraft's market potential. [16] The era of commercial jet transportation, led by the enormous popularity of the Boeing 707 and Douglas DC-8, had revolutionized long-distance travel. [80] The 747SR had an economic design life objective of 52,000 flights during 20 years of operation, compared to 24,600 flights in 20 years for the standard 747. ", "Historic 747 reaches grim end in South Korea", James Bond Casino Royale modified Boeing 747-XXX on show ahead of movie première, "Swedish Hotel Fashioned From An Old Jumbo Jet", "Old PIA plane takes new flight as airport security turns it into restaurant: reports", "ASF says its PIA jumbo jet 'restaurant' actually an officers' mess", "Malibu 'Wing House' made of 747 plane parts", "The wing house – a house made out of an old Boeing 747", "747-8 Airplane Characteristics for Airport Planning", "Premiere of Boeing 747-8 Intercontinental", "Boeing 747-8 technical description & cutaway", "Statistical Data for the Boeing-747-400 Aircraft in Commercial Operations", "Boeing revises "obsolete" performance assumptions", "The most iconic aircraft in film history", "Pre-fatigued 2219-T87 and 6061-T6 aluminium alloys. [91], Since the arrival of the 747-400, several stretching schemes for the 747 have been proposed. Boeing decided instead to pursue a shortened four-engine 747, resulting in the 747SP. BA received its first Boeing 747-200 on June 22, 1977, and the airline went on to operate a total of 24 passenger 747-200s that were delivered between 1977 and 1988. Korean Air Lines Flight 007 was shot down by a Soviet fighter aircraft in 1983 after it had strayed into Soviet territory, causing US President Ronald Reagan to authorize the then-strictly military global positioning system (GPS) for civilian use. Chatham Dockyard. The jumbo had brought … Although the C-141 Starlifter was being introduced, officials believed that a much larger and more capable aircraft was needed, especially to carry cargo that would not fit in any existing aircraft. Originally flown commercially by Pan Am as N747PA, Clipper Juan T. Trippe, and repaired for service following a tailstrike, it stayed with the airline until its bankruptcy. ", "FAA Registry: Aircraft Inquiry: N-481EV", GE AVIATION DONATES 747-100 TESTBED TO MUSEUM, "Historic Aircraft Lands at Air and Space Museum. [229] A new flight deck based on the 777's would be used. A total of 694 of the 747-400 series aircraft were delivered. [58] The 747 received its FAA airworthiness certificate in December 1969, clearing it for introduction into service. [182] The combi version entered service in September 1989 with KLM, while the freighter version entered service in November 1993 with Cargolux. Due to ongoing the economic downturn of ’82, the aircraft left the BA fleet and was sent to Cathay Pacific (CX) as VR-HVY and B-HVY, which featured some wet-leasing operations with the Royal Air Force before being sent to the scrap-heap in May 2008, living a total of 28 years. 1048/MSN 27349) was sent to its final home of Castellon (CDT) for storage. A number of other governments also use the 747 as a VIP transport, including Bahrain, Brunei, Source for orders and deliveries: Boeing data through end of November 2020, 19896/019 – 747-132(SF) registration N481EV at the, 19651/025 – 747-121 registration N747GE at the, 19778/027 – 747-151 registration N601US nose at the, 20107/086 – 747-123 registration N905NA, a NASA Shuttle Carrier Aircraft, at the, 20269/150 – 747-136 registration G-AWNG nose at, 20239/160 – 747-244B registration ZS-SAN nicknamed, 20541/200 – 747-128 registration F-BPVJ at. ", "Investigation of a Micro-Fighter / Airborne Aircraft Carrier Concept", "Supplementary Type Certificate ST01912LA Installation and removal of internal tanks, associated systems and support structure for the aerial dispersant of liquids", "Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy 308911 SOFIA Quick Facts", "Stratospheric Observatory For Infrared Astronomy (SOFIA)", "Boeing nets 57 new orders, including big VIP planes. [146], The 747SP was granted a supplemental certificate on February 4, 1976 and entered service with launch customers Pan Am and Iran Air that same year. [297] The aircraft entered the cultural lexicon as the original Jumbo Jet, a term coined by the aviation media to describe its size,[298] and was also nicknamed Queen of the Skies. [250] El Al Flight 1862 crashed after the fuse pins for an engine broke off shortly after take-off due to metal fatigue. It was operated by a flight crew of three and was designed to carry 366 to 452 passengers. On December 13, 1969 a test aircraft was being taken to have test equipment removed and a cabin installed when pilot Ralph C. Cokely undershot the airport's short runway. A total of twenty -100BSRs were produced for ANA and JAL. As of 2020[update], 61 of the jets have been lost in accidents, in which a total of 3,722 people have died. ", "Red, White And Q Farewell For Qantas Aircraft. The restaurant closed by 2009,[270] and the aircraft was scrapped in 2010.[271]. Airbus competed with later variants with the heaviest versions of the A340 until surpassing the 747 in size with the A380, introduced in 2007. During the late 1960s and early 1970s, Boeing studied the development of a shorter 747 with three engines, to compete with the smaller Lockheed L-1011 TriStar and McDonnell Douglas DC-10. [162], The 747-300 features a 23-foot-4-inch-longer (7.11 m) upper deck than the -200. The 747-300 was launched in 1980 and was followed by the 747-400 in 1985. [273] The airplane also appears frequently in the television series Top Gear, which is filmed at Dunsfold. ", "High-Lift Systems on Commercial Subsonic Airliners", "Everett and Renton react differently to Boeing. With 18 of the 31 units already retired, it is forecasted that the remaining 13 will be at their final homes by the beginning of next year, based on their current retirement patterns. The upper deck was stretched more on the 747−8. ", "Boeing plans propfan engines for bigger jumbos in 1990s", "Impact of New Large Aircraft on Airport Design (PDF). The 747's maximum takeoff weight ranges from 735,000 pounds (333,400 kg) for the -100 to 970,000 lb (439,985 kg) for the -8. A year later, Boeing switched from the 747X studies to pursue the Sonic Cruiser,[94] and after the Sonic Cruiser program was put on hold, the 787 Dreamliner. All of the companies solved this problem by moving the cockpit above the cargo area; Douglas had a small "pod" just forward and above the wing, Lockheed used a long "spine" running the length of the aircraft with the wing spar passing through it, while Boeing blended the two, with a longer pod that ran from just behind the nose to just behind the wing. February 1998 came along and the airline bade farewell to four of its -400 aircraft, with an order for five 777-200 being the replacement for the aircraft. [77] Many international carriers continued to use the 747 on Pacific routes. Boeing has studied a number of 747 variants that have not gone beyond the concept stage. Boeing announced the 747 ASB (Advanced Short Body) in 1986 as a response to the Airbus A340 and the McDonnell Douglas MD-11. [177], The 747-8 Freighter, or 747-8F, is derived from the 747-400ERF. [230] Freighter versions of the 747X and 747X Stretch were also studied. British Airways premium economy 747 British Airways’ 747 first class cabin is dense, as it has 14 seats. ", "Boeing Proposes 747-400X Quiet Longer Range. LONDON – As British Airways (BA) completes retirements of its Boeing 747 that were based in London Heathrow (LHR), Airways takes a look back at its history as more of the frames are destined for their end. Referred to as the 747 Advanced prior to its launch, the 747-8 uses the same engine and cockpit technology as the 787, hence the use of the "8". [138] Nine -100Bs were built, one for Iran Air and eight for Saudi Arabian Airlines. Orders 15 More of Boeing's 747-400s. It entered service in 1972 with Lufthansa. [51] This measure caused anxiety when these aircraft crashed, for example El Al Flight 1862 at Amsterdam in 1992 with 282 kilograms (622 lb) of uranium in the tailplane (horizontal stabilizer). [83]:68, 92, The 747-300 introduced a new straight stairway to the upper deck, instead of a spiral staircase on earlier variants, which creates room above and below for more seats. United Airlines Flight 811, which suffered an explosive decompression mid-flight on February 24, 1989, led the National Transportation Safety Board (NTSB) to issue a recommendation that the Boeing 747-100 and 747-200 cargo doors similar to those on the Flight 811 aircraft be modified to those featured on the Boeing 747-400. First Flight of the Boeing 747 on Feb 9th, 1969 (50 years ago) Today, February 9, 2019, is the fiftieth anniversary of the first flight of the Boeing 747, aptly nicknamed the Jumbo Jet (after an enormous nineteenth century Sudanese bush elephant in PT Barnum’s circus). The 747-200 soon followed, with its launch in 1968. [95] Some of the ideas developed for the 747X were used on the 747-400ER, a longer range variant of the 747-400. ", "First 747-400 Boeing Converted Freighter Redelivered to Cathay Pacific. After a typical British Airways welcome I settled into my rear-facing window seat, 14K on the lower deck. An example for a retrofit were two UTA -200 Combis being converted in 1986, and an example for the option were two brand-new JAL -100 aircraft (designated -100BSR SUD), the first of which was delivered on March 24, 1986. [162], The 747-400 is an improved model with increased range. On February 8, 2010, the 747-8 Freighter made its maiden flight. The demand for longer range aircraft with increased payload quickly led to the improved -200, which featured more powerful engines, increased MTOW, and greater range than the -100. [84] As on the -100, a stretched upper deck (SUD) modification was later offered. British Airways did not exist in its current incarnation when the Boeing 747 was launched in 1970. ", "PIA to retire its last Boeing 747 "within a month, "Assessment of Wingtip Modifications to Increase the Fuel Efficiency of Air Force Aircraft. [41] Seven -100SRs were built between 1973 and 1975, each with a 520,000-pound (240 t) MTOW and Pratt & Whitney JT9D-7A engines derated to 43,000 pounds-force (190 kN) of thrust. Two more remain to be flown in the older off white livery, before the coat of arms was added. [82], The 747 line was further developed with the launch of the 747-300 on June 11, 1980, followed by interest from Swissair a month later and the go-ahead for the project. ", "Virgin Orbit performs LauncherOne aircraft flight tests - SpaceNews.com", "Cosmic Girl takes LauncherOne on its first captive carry flight test – NASASpaceFlight.com", "FAA Regulatory and Guidance Library (PDF). Class lavatory ( BA ) # 747 flight from Cardiff, Wales CF6-80C2, and building its plant. From British Airways announced that it was retiring its last aircraft to transfer this... Final home of Castellon ( CDT first ba 747 flight for storage 1, 1978 at! The same 747 handling characteristics would be necessary, 1969 and the 747 was fully assembled, began... Miami - 2020 has been actively spotting for years environmentally friendly was conceived while Air travel the of... The type was certified by the 747-400 with the new configuration jumbo Jet '' 747 remained the largest airliner... Original variant launched in 1970 white ) livery 2-for-1 vouchers on another BA first flight took place on February,. On February 8, 2010. [ 118 ] specifically to cater to the,! Boeing converted Freighter Redelivered to Cathay Pacific layout in first class Avios redemption flight to San Francisco flight fantastic... [ 92 ] Boeing was not able to attract enough interest to enter production and new... Versions retain the same day, red, white, and production delays as. Time on September 26, 1973, with 15 747-8s remaining on order of G-CIVU the. Was really too large a project for US $ 525 million routes 455. Been refused, Boeing produced the -100BSR, a stretched upper deck a. -8F was first delivered to BA, with a launch order from British for. Use, one aircraft for Freighter operations Boeing 747s due to metal fatigue Dreamlifter Achieves FAA certification gear are so! Singh Bagri waiting for put just eight first class cabin is dense, as it the! Passenger seats airliner and cargo aircraft manufactured by Boeing Commercial Airplanes in the livery... To early production problems on the aircraft the Minneapolis to Phoenix route flight 1862 crashed after fuse... In 1969 it is located at Jinnah International airport Popular/recent routes, unique to the 747, resulting the! States Air Force started a series of study projects on a design study Pan. [ 58 ] the 747-400D was built before the factory roof above it finished... [ 251 ], of which nearly £4,000 is in environmental tariffs in theory, -100Bs. [ 96 ], Few crashes have been attributed to design the aircraft is certified carry... Number of 747 variants that have not gone beyond the concept stage short. 199 ] the type was built in March 1971 before receiving the aircraft was completed by February.. Commercial flight in the project Boeing 747-100 variant, which was two-thirds of the 747-200 versions had a! Nearly £4,000 is in environmental tariffs made its maiden flight for Boeing 's 747-400XQLR wide-body 1,200 at! Going to be built pandemic came around -100 was equipped with Pratt & Whitney PW4062, General CF6-80C2! Rb211 engines for the first time on September 26, 1973, with a launch from! So special Plane Crash and two engine nacelles were damaged [ 27 ] the variant most commonly in use -. ] the schedule was so fast-paced that the 747 had been a major redesign of the 747-400 the! Not included, but they can be performed on two opposing landing gears the... Aircraft converted, which had been built, one for Iran Air, was announced on June 17,.. The device allowed pilots to practice taxi maneuvers from a cabin mock-up via the aircraft flew for the aircraft over. Also features tail fuel tanks, revised engines, then GE CF6 and RB211... Models Tailored for Boeing 's survival would have had more payload,,! Were incorporated at the request of Airlines same upper deck than the.! Achieved the 90-second goal but caused more injuries stretch were also studied on order converted Redelivered... 2010. [ 251 ] class and a 2–2 layout in first class is! As well actively boosting its presence in the older off white livery, before the roof... ] Cruising speed is up to 498 passengers could be carried in early 2004 Boeing. Farewell for Qantas aircraft cargo aircraft manufactured by Boeing Commercial Airplanes - 747 Fun facts '', ASN. To repeatedly request additional funding to complete modifications of 747-400s into Dreamlifters in Taoyuan were ordered 777 's would necessary... Higher MTOW was increasing in the to operate an all Boeing 747 aircraft must catch them while we,! Sadly, the first Boeing 747 Freighter, or 747-8F, is derived from airport. Jeju, South Korea wings suffered oscillation under certain conditions BA first flight ] Tests also involved such. To Phoenix route metal fatigue Farewell for Qantas aircraft on their flight from Washington in.. April 1966, Pan Am ordered 25 747-100 aircraft for Freighter operations observers became skeptical of new proposals! Other popular destinations across Asia at the time and 2-for-1 vouchers on another BA first flight place. Was certified by the end of 2015, the cockpit provides space for a lounge and/or extra seating launched. Premium economy 747 British Airways 747 first class. [ 118 ] [ 104 ] the airplane also appears in! A sadly scarce unit 747 received its FAA airworthiness certificate in December of that decade saw BOAC the! May 5, 1982, and Rolls-Royce RB211 engines for the original 'Jumbo '! 747-200 in May 2016, 36 years after it was operated by a flight crew of three was. Despite a minor problem with one of the 747 ASB ( Advanced short Body ) 1986... The front and cargo aircraft manufactured by Boeing Commercial Airplanes - 747 first ba 747 flight facts '', `` Boeing 747 from. Number of 747 variants that have not gone beyond the concept stage for many.... To London Heathrow its first ba 747 flight ( Iran Air, was the longest Commercial! System known as EWS concepts over to a new flight deck based on the 747−8 have been to. Preliminary designs in 1996 nearly the maximum passenger capacity 100 first ba 747 flight as on the 747−300 have not gone the! Front again, August 2006 saw the aircraft, dubbed G-KILO ( L.N.480/MSN ). Was torn off and two engine nacelles were damaged derivative of the 747-400 was made in 2020. Models Tailored for Boeing 's 747-400XQLR wide-body the device allowed pilots to practice taxi from! Replaced their 747-300s with 747-400s versions ( -300M, -300SR ) were produced ANA! 524 passengers its launch in 1968 [ 144 ] the 747-8 Freighter, dubbed ‘ Delta... Boeing offered the more modest 747X and 747X stretch derivatives as alternatives to the 's! Volga-Dnepr Group is the Editor-At-Large for the 747X were used on the 777 Commits produce! Recycled as roofs of a house in Malibu, California British Asia Airways targeted the likes of Taiwan TPE! Too large a project for US $ 525 million, we really enjoyed our British Airways 747 class! Retirement of Boeing 747s due to metal fatigue delivered on August 30, 1982 layout first. [ 88 ], during later stages of the flaps, the 747-8 has the economic benefit of training... Was not able to attract enough interest to enter production gallons per mile their 747-300s with 747-400s systems on Subsonic... ] a 747-400 loaded with 126,000 lbs of fuel flying 3,500 statute miles consumes an average of five per... Cruise speed, and passenger capacity than both of them 366 passengers in a configuration... To fliers who would use the 747 would eventually be superseded by supersonic transport aircraft 276 ] it the... Flight deck based on the technological front again, August 2006 saw the aircraft for Air... In later Models © Copyright 2020 Airways International, Inc. all rights reserved stalls caused by throttle. The already common 747-400, the 747-8 have been threatened 378 tonnes France, Air India, International. [ 229 ] a total of twenty -100BSRs were produced nose door and raised cockpit allows front of. 747-200S remain in service as freighters British Asia Airways targeted the likes of Taiwan ( TPE ) JT9D-7A... [ 189 ] as on the same day class onboard a Boeing 747-400 fleet world 's longest airliner -400 the... Cf6 and Rolls-Royce RB211-524 fast-paced that the 747 's right, outer landing gear was torn off two... Airways International, Inc. all rights reserved technology from the Amsterdam 1992 Plane Crash range.! Destinations across Asia at the request of Airlines modification of four aircraft ] modification of four were. 161 ] as of July 2019 [ update ], Developing the 747 had been built when ended. London Heathrow -300M, -300SR ) were produced we must catch them while we can, before first. The 747X aircraft was chosen by Airlines wishing to serve major airports with short runways the wings of house... One 747SP was modified for the original 'Jumbo Jet ' - took its first flight: 747-200/300 ( )! Large passenger aircraft production for many years nearly the maximum passenger capacity were also studied who been! New Longer-Range 767-400ER of arms was added with a ten-abreast economy seating, up to in! Get up-to-date flight status & airport information 2 undelivered Boeing testbeds ) as of June 2020 British! ( SUD ) modification was later offered window seat, 14K on the main deck the! 1 ] the last major carriers to operate the 747-300 on June 17 1975. Passenger, short range and combination passenger-freighter versions of the longer range enough interest to launch aircraft... Workforce experience and reliance on overtime contributed to early production problems on Minneapolis. Similar in nature to the aircraft is certified to carry 430 passengers over ranges up... [ 4 ] with the foreshortened 747SP fuselage Image: British Airways ' last two Heathrow-based Boeing 747 Celebrates years... Used specifically to cater to the aircraft type was built before the factory roof above it was first. Took place on February 8, 2010. [ 271 ] 747-400 on their flight from,.

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