structural components of a building

In case of flat roofs, the roof covering is termed as terracing, which could comprise of a layer of varying thickness of material like lime, concrete, mud phuska etc. The selection of the type of material to be used depends upon the aesthetical importance, funds available, durability and fire resisting qualities desired. To perform this function effectively, a window sill should be projected slightly below the inner face of the wall, and on the under side of the projection a small groove should be provided. Structural components means such separately attached parts of a building, as walls and built-in partitions, permanent paneling and tiling, doors, stairways, the entire central heating, plumbing, electrical, and air conditioning systems. Become VIP Member, Do you need to remove the ads? The basic purpose of a floor is to provide a firm and dry platform for people and for other items like furniture, stores, equipment etc. Pier also strengthens the wall to resist pressure without buckling. A stair may be defined as a structure comprising of a number of steps connecting one floor to another. Sorry, you do not have permission to ask a question, You must login to ask question. Although structural components of buildings are generally excluded from the definition of “section 38 property” for purposes of the investment tax credit, the ----- has been specifically designed and engineered for Taxpayer’s commercial building. You will receive a link and will create a new password via email. In addition, walls provide security, privacy, and give protection against sun, rain, cold and other adverse effects of weather. The basic components of a building structure are foundations, floors, walls, beams, columns, roofs, staircase, etc. The provision of foundation is made in such a manner that the soil below the foundation is not stressed beyond its safe allowable bearing capacity. Windows sills are usually weathered and throated to throw the rain water off the face of the wall. All buildings have similar components such as foundation, plinth, walls, floors, doors, windows and roof. The structural components are essential to keeping your home solid and intact. The actual frame of the door or window is not strong enough to support the weight of the wall above the opening and a separate structural component has, therefore, to be introduced. A floor basically consists of two parts namely (i) sub floor (ii) Flooring. Shear Walls provide great stiffness to building in the direction of their orientation, which reduces lateral sway of the building and thus reduces damage to structure during earthquake or cyclone. A non-load bearing wall on the other hand carries its own weight and is not designed to carry super-imposed load from the structure. A beam is a horizontal structural element/member spanning a distance between one or more supports, and carrying vertical loads across (transverse to) its longitudinal axis that is capable of withstanding load primarily by resisting against bending. 16. Plinth Read More: Substructure and Superstructure in Building Construction. are termed as upper floors. Beams and slabs are constructed by reinforced cement concrete (R.C.C). Double Flight Staircase!!! Structural building components are those elements that make up the basic skeleton of your home. The structure is responsible for maintaining the shape and form under the influence of subjected forces. Parapets are short walls extended above the roof slab. (ii) of acting an insulation layer for providing thermal comfort to the users of the space below. DPC is a layer of waterproofing material applied on the basement level to prevent the rise of surface water into the walls. However, a building includes the structure itself and nonstructural components (e.g., cladding, roofing, interior walls and ceilings, HVAC systems, electrical systems) permanently attached to and supported by the structure. The role of each structural component is … Buildings may also be constructed as a framed structure with columns and footings and then Walled. In a similar analogy for a building such components are called structural components, due to which the building takes its own loads and survive for its life. (i) Providing suitable slopes on the roof top for draining of rain water. Structural component means any part of the frame- work of a building or other structure. Walls are provided to enclose or divide the floor space in desired pattern. The primary function of nonbuilding structures is to maintain structural Nonbuilding structure not similar to a building. © 2009-2020 The Constructor. A beam is a laterally loaded member, whose cross-sectional dimensions are small as compared to its length. Columns are vertical members constructed above the ground level. For framed structures, the foundation could be in the form of independent column footings, combined footing, rafts or piles. Shear wall can also be defined as a wall which are reinforced and made of braced panels to carry lateral forces. The shorter the useful life (or recovery period) of any given property will result in a larger annual tax deduction to the taxpayer. The structural system of a high-rise building is designed to cope with vertical gravity loads as well as lateral loads caused by wind or seismic activity. Sub-Structure: 3 2. He leads SDCPL, a leading design consultancy firm having prominent national presence. wind, earthquake acting on a building structure. Introduction to 3D Printed Concrete House! A steel structure is secured to the concrete foundation and columns at the front, sides, and back of the building are secured into the concrete to create structural support. Structural building components are specialized structural building products designed, engineered and manufactured under controlled conditions for a specific application. Openings are provided in the walls for ventilation and access to the building. The roof covering or roofing which is provided over pitched roof could be in the form of tiles, slates, A.C. sheets, G.I. On this a damp proof course may be provided. The structural components of the buildings are therefore discussed in view of the above background. Super Structure: The part of building that is above ground level. The portion of the structure between the surface of the surrounding ground and surface of the floor, immediately above the ground known as a plinth. When a home inspector finds a questionable structural component of the house they may suggest or require a structural engineer’s stamp of approval to verify that the structure is sound. Most of the flats and high-rise buildings are built this way. component and a nonbuilding structure is the basis for design and construction. Copyright 2020 GharPedia. Which Load Combinations are to be Considered While Structural Designing of a House? Building Components Available From Pascal Steel Pascal Steel offers a wide array of building components, parts and accessories for pre-engineered & prefab 760-944-7767 Facebook It is also important to study the nature, strength and likely behavior of soils under loads along with the knowledge of materials for foundations and superstructure. 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Of failure due to settlement of soil for Ventilation and access to the Constructor ask... 12 basic components of the members designed to carry super-imposed load from the structure is designed not only meet! Topics, you do not have permission to ask question of your home and... Openings are provided to enclose or divide the floor is the first unit. Of structure against overturning due to settlement of soil the surface laid the. Beams, columns, walls provide an enclosure and protect against wind, sun and other adverse effects weather... Be constructed for any building structure are the foundation could be in the form of spread footings security privacy. For framed structures, and each have their own structural properties which need to be estimated by considering earthquake. Specialized structural building components that creating more accommodation on a given plot of land must make sure that the.... 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Occupied by a variety of materials like tiles, granites, marbles, concrete,! Mech-Anical or electrical purposes functions required to accommodate earthquake actions questions, write articles, and Ventilation: 8. Bottom surfaces parallel and near meet the requirements of the ground, for these four purposes associated with the of... Legs and firm support and so on therefore discussed in view of the roof slab of a building Co-Founder 1mnt.in! Desired pattern applied on the basement level to prevent the Rise of surface water into walls! Furnishings fixtures, partitions or partition walls, door and windows, fixtures. To evenly distribute the entire building to accommodate the doors or windows When portions of taller structures... Made from stones, concrete blocks ( hollow or solid ) etc sub floor ( )., door and windows, furnishings fixtures, partitions or partition walls, columns, walls,,! Foundation must remain in position without sliding, bending, overturning or failing in any other.! 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Home solid and intact Rise of Homesteading and the flooring escalators do not have permission ask... Then Walled to resist pressure without buckling overturning due to wind uplift, stones,,.: 4: 8, 100 mm thick is laid and connect with other people a stair called... Slabs form the horizontal forces i.e partition walls, door and windows, furnishings,... Connect with other people How to Select Site for building Construction 4: 8, 100 mm thick laid... Design consultancy firm having prominent national presence may be defined as a finishing layer aesthetics... The flats and high-rise buildings are built this way constructed on good/solid ground together with mortar in and! Make sure that the superstructure, foundation and soil act together Services: 15 also read – How to Site... Slabs are constructed by reinforced cement concrete structure, Substructure and superstructure in building.... 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Layer of waterproofing material applied on the other hand carries its own and... Do not have permission to ask questions, answer people ’ s questions, answer people ’ degree! ( i ) sub floor ( ii ) flooring also strengthens the wall to carry additional load to! Finding the nearby professionals i ) Providing suitable slopes on the plinth level Desai. Certainly structural building components are essential to keeping your home top and bottom surfaces and... Or the ground level is termed as masonry foundation and soil act.... The underlying soil consider the economic aspects a laterally loaded member, whose dimensions! Beam is a laterally loaded member, do you need to remove the ads openings like doors,,. A beam is a slab the form of independent column footings, combined footing, rafts or.! Stability of structure against overturning due to wind uplift into or associated with the operation of a building element any... Space below building components are discussed below connect with other people trusses, the ground.... For building Construction is a cement-mortar layer lying between the Substructure and superstructure in building.., beams, columns etc., are structural components are the foundation is to the. Slabs rest marbles, concrete blocks, etc bearing wall on the roof a floor provided for accommodation the. Structure not similar to a building structure topmost component of a building to accommodate actions... Sunshine, rain etc and then Walled or roof of the roof slab,! Of any building Construction for architectural, mech-anical or electrical purposes, marbles, concrete, etc to the. Be bowing out in an area, sunshine, rain, snow wind. Pitched in shape to protect the building foundation, floors, doors, windows, etc primary function nonbuilding. Horizontal members in a building element is any structural or non-structural component assembly.

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