, The New Zealand Defence Force—staging their largest-ever operation on New Zealand soil— provided logistics, equipment, transport, airbridges, evacuations, supply and equipment shipments, survey of the Port and harbour, and support to the agencies, including meals; they assisted the Police with security, and provided humanitarian aid particularly to Lyttelton, which was isolated from the city in the first days. , Several areas in and around Christchurch were deemed infeasible to rebuild due to earthquake damage resulting from soil liquefaction and rockslides. Christchurch citizens had direct HOME. A state of local emergency was initially declared by the Mayor of Christchurch, which was superseded when the government declared a state of national emergency, which stayed in force until 30 April 2011. Looking at territorial areas only, i.e. But the resent earthquake in Nepal has unearthed some dangerous consequences of poor management, which in some ways reflect that of Christchurch.  Meanwhile, the Canterbury CDEM Group ECC had relocated to the fully operational University of Canterbury Innovation (UCi3) building to the West of the city, when the Copthorne Hotel adjacent to the Regional Council offices threatened to fall onto the offices and ECC. Overall, the Canterbury economy has been reasonably resilient to the impact of the earthquakes, and the spillover to other regions in New Zealand has been limited. In this seminar, Dr Prasanna looked at the geography and natural disaster risk profile of New Zealand followed by a discussion on the NZ’s emergency and service management hierarchies.  The Super Rugby Round 2 match between the Crusaders and Hurricanes scheduled for 26 February 2011 at Westpac Stadium in Wellington was abandoned. , KiwiRail reported that the TranzAlpine service was terminating at Greymouth and the TranzCoastal terminating at Picton. Recommended management. , A field hospital providing 75 beds was set up in the badly affected eastern suburbs on 24 February. This earthquake created some damage which wasn’t as bad as 2011, but the buildings that didn’t fall were very close to, which made the damage larger in the second large quake. Wanaka Primary School alone had received 115 new enrolments as Christchurch families moved to their holiday homes in the town.. Subsequent population loss saw the Christchurch main urban area fall behind the Wellington equivalent to decrease from second to third most populous area in New Zealand. Human personnel at the Christchurch Response Center were able to efficiently manage the huge … (2015). 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Fergusson, D.M., Horwood, J., Boden, J.M., & Mulder, R.T. (2014). The Australian Government also pledged A$5 million (NZ$6.7 million) to the Red Cross Appeal. Water and wastewater services were disrupted throughout the city, with authorities urging residents to conserve water and collect rainwater. , The quake was felt as far north as Tauranga and as far south as Invercargill, where the 111 emergency network was rendered out of service.  Concrete block construction fared badly, leaving many modern iconic buildings damaged. Perceptions of distress and positive consequences following exposure to a major disaster amongst a well-studied cohort. , The inquiry began in April 2011 and was completed in November 2012. One P-3 Orion was deployed in the initial stages of the disaster to provide images and photographs of the city. , The 66 kV subtransmission cables supplying Dallington and New Brighton zone substations from Transpower's Bromley substation were damaged beyond repair, which necessitated the erection of temporary 66 kV overhead lines from Bromley to Dallington and Bromley to New Brighton to get power into the eastern suburbs. Immediately following the earthquake, 80% of Christchurch was without power. The main city in the region is Christchurch, with approximately 370,000 people living there prior to the earthquake sequence. , On 2 March 2011, John Key said he expected an interest rate cut to deal with the earthquake. Rescue efforts continued for over a week, then shifted into recovery mode. Over the course of a week, LandSAR teams visited 67,000 premises.   Over half of the deaths occurred in the six-storey Canterbury Television (CTV) Building, which collapsed and caught fire in the earthquake. It’s aprox.  In each of these cases the buildings that collapsed were known to have been appreciably damaged in the September 2010 earthquake but the local authority had permitted the building to be re-occupied (CTV and PGC buildings) or protective barriers adjacent to them moved closer to areas at risk of falling debris (Colombo Street).  While emergency repairs were performed on damaged houses by Fletcher Construction, rebuilding would be delayed by the need for full land assessments, with the possibility that some of the worst-affected areas in the eastern suburbs might need to be abandoned due to land depression and severe liquefaction, with the residents offered relocation to new subdivisions under their EQC insurance policies. , On the day of the earthquake, Prime Minister John Key said that 22 February, "...may well be New Zealand's darkest day", and Mayor of Christchurch Bob Parker warned that New Zealanders are "going to be presented with statistics that are going to be bleak". JPMorgan Chase & Co say the total overall losses related to this earthquake may be US$12 billion.  Portable shower units were also established in the eastern suburbs. The earthquake occurred on New Zealand’s South Island, 10km west of Christchurch, at 12.51pm on 22nd February 2011 and lasted just 10 seconds. Dissertation meaning into urdu. ", "Help for Christchurch businesses and workers after earthquake", "Painstaking work continues at devastated buildings", "1240 central Christchurch buildings demolished video", "Christchurch earthquake: Heartbreaking messages from buried daughter", "Christchurch quake toll 75, dozens missing", "Christchurch Earthquake: Workers trapped in crushed buildings", "Day 03 field report from the Christchurch 22 Feb 2011 6.3M, "Christchurch earthquake: Collapse of stairwells concerns professor", "Forsyth Barr search ends with no bodies found", "SYNOD VOTES TO RESTORE CHRISTCHURCH CATHEDRAL", "Christ Church Cathedral: Cost to ratepayers revealed", "Milestone reached in Christ Church Cathedral rebuild as design advisers appointed", "Christchurch's tallest hotel 'on brink of collapse, "Little hope of finding survivors at CTV building", "Christchurch earthquake: Demolitions key to CBD access", "Kiwi in line for big payout on quake-damaged office tower", "Demolition of quake-hit PWC building starts", "Dozens killed in New Zealand's 'darkest day, "NZ Christchurch earthquake timeline from NZCity", "Dome of Catholic Cathedral to be removed", "Fate of Catholic Cathedral Still Unknown", "Thousands of Christchurch homes face demolition", Land Zoning Policy and the Residential Red Zone: Responding to land damage and risk to life, "Scores of people killed in Christchurch quake", "Million dollar donation to rebuild Lyttelton Timeball", "Christchurch earthquake: Scenic suburbs 'no place to buy now, "Christchurch quake: Homeowner resigned to devastation", "Cost of Redcliffs School rebuild on Redcliffs Park site grows to $16 million", "Seismologist had hoped time for large shock had passed", "Emergency 111 system knocked out in Southland", "Quake shakes 30m tonnes of ice off glacier", "State of emergency lifted in Christchurch", "Work to identify earthquake victims completed", "Machines signal end of Christchurch earthquake rescue", http://www.police.govt.nz/sites/default/files/publications/christchurch-earthquake-fatalities-locations-map.pdf, "Origins clarified by various NZ Herald victim reports", "Christchurch quake: Emergency Cabinet meeting", "New Zealand Red Cross 2011 Earthquake Appeal", "Christchurch Art Gallery built to highest standard", "Death toll at 75, national emergency declared", "Brownlee to focus solely on quake recovery", "Names of two further victims released in Christchurch Earthquake", "Australian Police contingent to assist local police", "Aussies become NZ cops in quake-hit city", "Police pay tribute to Australian contingent leaving Christchurch", "Aussie police to help stop looting in Christchurch", "Thai DVI team arrives to assist in identifying Christchurch quake victims", "Christchurch earthquake: Search teams leaving no stone unturned", "DPM Teo Offers Assistance in Response to the Earthquake in Christchurch, New Zealand", "LA search-rescue heads to site of NZ quake", "LA County Team Preps for Deployment to New Zealand", "World races to aid New Zealand quake rescue", "Japanese search and rescue team races home", "Welsh firefighters join New Zealand earthquake rescue", "Taiwanese rescue team on way to New Zealand", "Christchurch Earthquake: Extra Chinese workers boost foreign aid numbers", "Humanity Greater Than Any Act of Nature", "Christchurch Earthquake – NZ Defence Force – Update 6", "Christchurch Earthquake – NZ Defence Force – Update 8", "Territorial Force swaps trenching tools for shovels", "Christchurch Earthquake – NZ Defence Force – Update 5", "ED staff donated their blood to quake patients", "Patients flock to Australian temporary hospital", "Christchurch earthquake: Latest updates", "LandSAR volunteers join Christchurch relief operation", "Power transformer to be installed in eastern Chch suburbs", "Christchurch earthquake: Power restored to 82 percent of customers", "Default price-quality path annual compliance statement for the year ending 31 March 2012", "65 dead in devastating Christchurch quake", "Christchurch Earthquake: Fire ban in place for Canterbury", "Long wait for some without power, water", "Community Laundry Facilities Set Up Again for Christchurch", "Farmy Army puts away the shovels – for now", "A Job Well Done for Rangiora Earthquake Express", "Prime Minister of Australia – official website", "Strong earthquake strikes Christchurch, New Zealand, killing at least 65", "Pope joins international sympathy for NZ", "Media Advisory: Christchurch thanks Japanese search and rescue", "Statement by the Prime Minister of Canada on the recent earthquake in New Zealand", "N.Z. At 1251 h on Feb 22, 2011, an earthquake struck Christchurch, New Zealand, causing widespread destruction.  Taiwan sent a 22-member team from the National Fire Agency, along with two tons of specialist search and rescue equipment. An additional 164 people were seriously injured. , Road and bridge damage occurred and hampered rescue efforts.  The Shag Rock, a notable landmark, was reduced to half of its former height. The EQC pays out the first NZ$1.5 billion in claims, and the reinsurance companies are liable for all amounts between NZ$1.5 billion and NZ$4 billion. This is still effecting New Zealand’s centre to this day. Refrences. , New Zealand Cricket's offices were damaged by the earthquake. Erskine, N., Daley, V., Stevenson, Su.  Retrospective self-report is affected greatly by the individual's current state of distress.  The Royal Commission made a total of 189 recommendations and found that the Canterbury Television building should not have been granted a building permit by the Christchurch City Council. ", CS1 maint: bot: original URL status unknown (, Television interview with Minister Brownlee on NZ TV One, 24 February 2011 at 19:30 NZT. , 185 people from more than 20 countries died in the earthquake. After 7 years, the school is set to be moved to Redcliffs Park in 2020. Marshall, E.M., Frazier, P., Frankfurt, S., & Kuijer, R.G. , Although smaller in magnitude than the 2010 earthquake, the February earthquake was more damaging and deadly for a number of reasons. , Humanitarian support and welfare were provided by various agencies, in particular the New Zealand Red Cross and the Salvation Army. The earthquake caused widespread damage across Christchurch, killing 185 people in the nation's fifth-deadliest disaster. 185 people died as a result of the magnitude 6.3 earthquake that struck the Canterbury region on 22 February, 2011.  Some students relocated to other centres – by 5 March, a total of 4879 Christchurch students had enrolled in other schools across New Zealand. Prime Minister John Key confirmed that, "All Civil Defence procedures have now been activated; the Civil Defence bunker at parliament is in operation here in Wellington."  80% of the water and sewerage system was severely damaged.  Much of the NZ$90 million cost of the 2011 census was written off. Marian College did not return to the original site in Shirley but instead moved to a site at Cathedral College on Barbadoes Street.  People who exhibit lower mental health prior to the trauma don't adapt as well following trauma, and show higher levels of PTSD. Christchurch's central city and eastern suburbs were badly affected, with damage to buildings and infrastructure already weakened by the magnitude 7.1 Canterbury earthquake of 4 September 2010 and its aftershocks. Welfare Centres and support networks were established throughout the city. In March 2011 the government established The Canterbury Earthquakes Royal Commission to report on the causes of building failure as a result of the earthquakes as well as the adequacy of building codes and other standards for buildings in New Zealand Central Business Districts. Because it has been found that different demographics are affected differently, this also needs to be taken into account when finding solutions to aid recovery. Different demographics may benefit from different types of mental counseling to help them recover from trauma. , In January 2013 Earthquake Recovery Minister Gerry Brownlee said repairs to damaged homes to date had totalled more than $1 billion.  Although the rupture was subsurface, satellite images indicated that the net displacement of the land south of the fault was 50 cm westwards and upwards; the land movement would have been greater during the earthquake. Disaster Management.  KiwiRail also delayed 14 March departure of its Interislander ferry Aratere to Singapore for a 30-metre (98 ft) extension and refit prior to the 2011 Rugby World Cup.  Because the earthquake hit during the lunch hour, some people on the footpaths were buried by collapsed buildings. , Pope Benedict XVI issued an announcement on the earthquake in a statement during his Wednesday audience on 23 February, stating that he was praying for the dead and the injured victims of the devastating earthquake, and encouraging those involved in the rescue efforts. Once the composite Christchurch Coordination Centre was established on 23 February the CDEM Group Controllers and ECC personnel relocated to the City Art Gallery to supplement the management personnel available to the National Controller. Christchurch Hospital was partly evacuated due to damage in some areas, but remained open throughout to treat the injured. Specification: Case study of the management of an earthquake in a developed country. , Australian Prime Minister Julia Gillard offered Australia's assistance. • Country: New Zealand, MEDC, Oceania • Date & Time: 22nd February 2011 – 12:51pm • New Zealand is located in the Pacific Ocean in the continent of Oceania.  They also responded to fires, serious structural damage reports, and landslides working with structural engineers, seismologists and geologists, as well as construction workers, crane and digger operators and demolition experts.  Liquefaction was significantly greater than that of the 2010 quake, causing the upwelling of more than 200,000 tonnes of silt which needed to be cleared.  Mains water supply was re-established to 70% of households within one week. That would make it the third most costly earthquake event in history, after the 2011 Japan and 1994 California earthquakes. , Ban Ki-Moon, Secretary-General of the United Nations, issued a statement on behalf of the UN expressing his "deep sadness" and stressed the "readiness of the United Nations to contribute to its efforts in any way needed". Implemented programs can use this knowledge to help survivors focus on the positive effects, possibly working with families to help them get through the disaster with the people they feel closest with. These insurers underwrite their commercial losses to reinsurers, who will again bear the brunt of these claims. [failed verification] The vertical acceleration was far greater than the horizontal acceleration. Staff were grateful that they did not have to employ triage, but were able to deal with all patients. The Christchurch earthquake, February 2011. , The Forsyth Barr Building survived the earthquake but many occupants were trapped after the collapse of the stairwells, forcing some to abseil out after the quake.  They were aided by DVI teams from Australia, UK, Thailand Taiwan and Israel.. A composite "Christchurch Response Centre" was established in the Christchurch Art Gallery, a modern earthquake-resilient building in the centre of the city which had sustained only minor damage. The earthquake was felt across the South Island and parts of the lower and central North Island. Though the government supplied money for those who were fired, businesses that needed re … , A national memorial service was held on 18 March at North Hagley Park, coinciding with a one-off provincial holiday for Canterbury, which required the passing of the Canterbury Earthquake Commemoration Day Act 2011 to legislate. The proposals were heavily criticised for relying on incorrect information, leading one school, Phillipstown Primary, to seek a judicial review over its proposed merger with Woolston Primary.  A government report later found that the building's construction was faulty and should not have been approved. The court subsequently ruled in favour of Phillipstown and overturned the merger. The June 2011 Christchurch earthquake was a shallow magnitude 6.0 M w earthquake that occurred on 13 June 2011 at 14:20 NZST. The army provided desalination plants, and bottled supplies were sent in by volunteers and companies. The population loss caused by the earthquake reversed this, with the Wellington main urban area back in second position. The New Zealand Fire Service coordinated search and rescue, with support from the Urban Search and Rescue (USAR) teams from New Zealand, Australia, United Kingdom, United States, Japan, Taiwan, China and Singapore, totalling 150 personnel from New Zealand and 429 from overseas. Some government departments and church groups provided grants and assistance. The only regional acute hospital was compromised but was able to … On 6 June, a large aftershock measuring 5.5 on the Richter scale occurred and was felt as far away as, A series of aftershocks occurred on 13 June. The September, 2010 earthquake in Darfied served as a useful primer that prompted emergency management squads to outline elaborate plans and strategies for maximizing the potential of social media emergency management platforms during the earthquake that struck Christchurch soon after in 2011. Due to the extensive damage of a number of secondary schools, many were forced to share with others, allowing one school to use the ground in the morning and the other in the afternoon. It also covers land damage within 8 metres of a home; this coverage is uncapped. , The UN and the European Union offered assistance. , China gave US$500,000 to the earthquake appeal, and Chinese Premier Wen Jiabao expressed his deep condolences to New Zealand. The reaction to the statement sent the New Zealand dollar down. More than 361 aftershocks occurred in the first week following the 6.3-magnitude earthquake.  Local jazz flautist Miho Wada formed the ensemble Miho's Jazz Orchestra to raise money for recovery efforts. Christchurch Earthquake Case Study. Some residents went several days without official contact, so neighbours were encouraged to attend to those around them. , Generators were donated, and telephone companies established emergency communications and free calls. Christchurch Earthquake 2011. The country was largely spared the devastation it saw in 2011 when an earthquake struck the city of Christchurch and killed 185 people. Studying earthquakes has shown to be a difficult task when considering all the limitations created by natural disasters.  Since 15 August 2013 the cathedral congregation has worshipped at the Cardboard Cathedral. Within two hours of the quake national co-ordination was operating from the National Crisis Management Centre located in the basement of the Beehive in Wellington.. Measuring 6.3 on the Richter Scale and, at 4.99 km deep, the earthquake was very shallow.  A number of cars were crushed by falling debris. Impact of a major disaster on the mental health of a well-studied cohort. Nepal Earthquake 2015. Refrences. , Redcliffs Primary School, then located at 140 Main Road, right under the cliffs, was moved to Van Asch Deaf Education Centre, 4.5 km from the main site soon afterwards. Sydenham Heritage Church and the Beckenham Baptist Church were heavily damaged, and then demolished days after the earthquake. , In October 2008, the population of the Christchurch main urban area, as defined by Statistics New Zealand, had for the first time exceeded the Wellington equivalent (at 386,100 versus 386,000), which made Christchurch the second largest city in New Zealand (after Auckland). The President also made a call to Prime Minister Key.  The New Zealand Red Cross launched an appeal to raise funds to help victims. Civil Defence declared a state of emergency for Christchurch, the Selwyn District and the Waimakariri District. A tremor of 5.7 on the Richter scale was felt at 1 pm, This page was last edited on 13 January 2021, at 07:34. , At the Tasman Glacier some 200 kilometres (120 miles) from the epicentre, around 30 million tonnes (33 million ST) of ice tumbled off the glacier into Tasman Lake, hitting tour boats with tsunami waves 3.5 metres (11 ft) high. 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