3. This technique can be categorised as one of several effects for wind instrument that involve dismantling the instrument in some way, however, playing the upper or lower half of the instrument using the mouthpiece is particular to the Solo for Clarinet only. In the second measure of rehearsal number 4, a well-trained clarinetist will use the two lowest right trill keys for G-flat, which would make a transition to one-plus-one or right-side E-flat unnecessarily awkward, particularly since the E-flat then moves right back to G-flat. The clarinet is a woodwind instrument with a single reed and long cylindrical body. The keys can be used in combination with other keys to play the same note using alternate fingerings, making otherwise practically … 98. One awful habit young players come up with to play clarinet is to hook your right hand under the side keys (the lowest one used to finger low Eb or clarion Bb). What does contingent mean in real estate? Why don't libraries smell like bookstores? Doing so will help you get used to that "ngering. Mitchell felt similarly that singing a pre-composed melody or song would be ‘unjustified’ in this context. 10:11. On Boehm models, this uppermost side key raises throat G#, A, and Bb by a whole tone and can be used to play throat Bb with clear tone or … The Tenons are provided with a metal tenon-ring for protection. That also makes you move your whole right hand out of position a bit (especially younger players with smaller hands). Sparling and Wright take ‘extension’ to mean using the mouthpiece and barrel together creating a slightly lower, but stable, pitch range (Rehfeldt (1994, 71) also suggests that the barrel should be used). Simple system clarinets were particularly popular among jazz clarinettists at the turn of the twentieth century in the US but continued to be used throughout the first half of the twentieth century (see Check Reeves, 2000; Tyle, 2000). In the instructions he specifies ‘All tones are to be played without tonguing unless accompanied by the indication, “T”’. 1 (December, 2000), 74–75, The Barton Workshop Plays John Cage. ... Plateau key systems are the big exception on the clarinet today. Third, the side keys on the simple system are positioned slightly lower down on the instrument, making them easier to reach with the right hand while playing other notes. As clarinettist Andrew Sparling commented in interview, in standard practice ‘You basically aim not to make the tongue an integral part of the sound too much. This is the Yamaha Corporation [Musical Instrument Guide] website. Do not hook under side keys. While it is possible that the player was expected to choose any three of the four keys (and this was the approach taken by several of the clarinettists interviewed for this project), the half-depression of the key is more curious. What’s more, they are configured in a way that the player can depress one, two, or all three keys together with greater ease. If Albert Kaufman, the clarinettist for whom Cage wrote the part, was a jazz or Broadway musician like some of the other members of the orchestra, it is possible that he would have played on a simple system clarinet. Two instances require just the left hand (the G4 on p. 121, line 4, and the E4 on p. 122, line 4), which would leave the right hand free to tap the reed. It is used on six occasions, and always on pitches in the chalumeau register. Sometimes this indication is applied to a note for which it has no effect, e.g. Like the Solo for Trumpet, the Solo for Clarinet contains no sounds that have zero performance instructions of any kind. How old was Ralph macchio in the first Karate Kid? Instead, Cage invites the player to change reed where bar lines are indicated, with the Solo for Clarinet being the only part involving bar lines for which the change required is optional. While isolating each technique in the Solos enables a better understanding of the range and detail of techniques Cage used, the real character of each part is revealed in the ways various ways that these techniques are combined. This is the only part that includes this instruction (in fact, the Solo for Bassoon and Baryton Saxophone states the opposite: ‘All tones are to be played with tongue and vibrato unless indicated otherwise’; and in the Solo for Sliding Trombone some notes are combined with ‘T hard’ or ‘T soft’). Is there a way to search all eBay sites for different countries at once? Cage writes: ‘Tpt. ← Putting Cork on Clarinet Keys. One (not immediately obvious) question that the Solo for Clarinet raises to performers is what kind of clarinet to play it on. p. 122, line 1), which suggests a manipulation of pitch. the A3 and E3 on p. 121, line 3, played with the thumb hole open result in relatively similar flattened G4s). How long will the footprints on the moon last? The difficulty of sliding both pitches can result in a break in the sound (as can be heard in the recording, The Barton Workshop plays John Cage (1992)), adding to the catalogue of unstable sounds found in the Concert. Flutter tongue appears in several of the woodwind and brass parts in the Concert. The side key instruction is used in around a fifth of the notes in the whole of the Solo for Clarinet. They do not refer to time-length but only to direction in pitch’. 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