population of manipur

It also borders two regions of Myanmar. In the 20th century, a few Christian schools were established, which introduced Western-type education.[58]. In 1824, the ruler of Manipur entered into a subsidiary alliance with the British Empire in the Indian subcontinent, which became responsible for Manipur's external defence. The seasonal Shirui Lily plant at Ukhrul (district), Dzüko Valley at Senapati, Sangai (Brow antlered deer) and the floating islands at Loktak Lake are among the rarities of the area. [22][23], Manipur has primarily an agrarian economy, with significant hydroelectric power generation potential. Manipur might be described as two different physical locales: a peripheral region of tough slopes and valleys, and the internal zone of flat plains. Economy Agriculture, forestry, and fishing. Held after the Harvest festival in November,[109][110] this festival predominantly celebrated by Kuki-Chin-Mizo tribes in Manipur has become one of the leading festivals of the state. [91][92] It is particularly known for its Hindu Vaishnavism themes, and exquisite performances of love-inspired dance drama of Radha-Krishna called Raslila. The state ranks 23rd in terms of area amongst the states and union territories of the country. The rape of a manipuri woman, Thangjam Manorama Devi, by members of the Assam Rifles paramilitary had led to wide protests including a nude protest by the Meira Paibis women association.[45]. as ‘Sagol Kangjei, polo is presently a sport played around the world. Manipur has one railway station, Jiribam. After the war, British India moved towards independence, and the princely states which had existed alongside it became responsible for their own external affairs and defence, unless they joined the new India or the new Pakistan. It is celebrated every year in the month of September–October after harvesting. For example, in 1977 the People's Revolutionary Party of Kangleipak (PREPAK) was formed, the People's Liberation Army (PLA) was formed in 1978 which Human Rights Watch states as having received arms and training from China. [citation needed] The culture features martial arts, dance, theatre and sculpture. Manipur is a state in the northeastern region of India. Out of the 233,767 people who opted for the "Other religion" option, 222,315 were Sanamahism, 6,444 were Heraka, 2,032 were Jewish and 1,180 were from other tribal religions such as Tingkao Ragwang Chapriak. These acts further cement isolation and insurgency among locals. The valley region has hills and mounds rising above the flat surface. The population density of the state is 130 people per square Population: As per Census 2011, the total population of Manipur at 0.00 hours of 1 st March 2011 is 2,570,390 .Of this, the rural population is 1,736,236 and the urban population 834,154. game of polo has its starting point established in Manipur. Nagas are a sizeable population in Manipur and the worry is about the state’s territorial integrity. the red ferruginous soil in the hill area and the alluvium in the valley. has grown by 0.4112 Million in the past 5 years. As per conclusion, the population of Manipur in 2020 as per estimates [47] The water resources of Barak and Manipur river basins are about 1.8487 Mham (million hectare metres). However, the road condition throughout the state is often deplorable. Manipur is home to India's first floating elementary school: Loktak Elementary Floating School in Loktak Lake. Manipur's ethnic groups practice a variety of religions. In 2001, total population was 2,293,896 in which males were 1,161,952 while females were 1,131,944. Almost every festival celebrated in other states of India is observed. Sanamahism is the ancient indigenous animistic religion. [46] Sendra park and resort is opening on the top of Sendra hills and attracting the tourist. The Puwaris, Ninghthou Kangbalon, Ningthourol Lambuba, Cheitharol Kumbaba, Poireiton Khunthokpa, recorded the events of each King who ruled Manipur in a span of more than 3500 years until 1955 CE (a total of more than 108 kings). Manipur has the highest number of handicrafts units and the highest number of craftspersons in the northeastern region of India. The population of Manipur As per the Census 2011 out of total population of Manipur, 29.21% people lived in urban regionswhile 70.79% in rural areas. The Kuki insurgent groups want a separate state for the Kukis to be carved out from the present state of Manipur. Out of this, 58.9% represents the valley population and 41.1% represents the population of the hills. It is a five-day festival and is usually performed on the 13th day of the Meitei month of Wakching. The state is located between latitude 23°83' N and 25°68'N, and longitude 93°E and 94°E. As per the Census India 2011, Manipur has 557859 households, population of 2855794 of which 1438586 are males and 1417208 are females. Manipur is also home to numerous sports and the place of the Manipuri dance. [75] Manipur acts as India's "Gateway to the East" through Moreh and Tamu towns, the land route for trade between India and Burma and other countries in Southeast Asia, East Asia, Siberia, Micronesia and Polynesia. propelled from their unique culture. The valley soils generally contain loam, small rock fragments, sand, and sandy clay, and are varied. People of Manipur immaculate and decorate their houses and make a sumptuous variety of dishes to feast upon after offering food to the deity on this day. An official Census 2011 detail of Churachandpur, a district of Manipur has been released by Directorate of Census Operations in Manipur. [74] Its economy is primarily agriculture, forestry, cottage and trade driven. During World War II, villagers sought shelter here. This cave is an hour's trek from Khangkui village.[88]. [38] and a fully-fledged State in 1972 by the North-Eastern Areas (Reorganisation) Act, 1971. staple eating routine of the locals is made of rice, fish, and regular [30], By the medieval period, marriage alliances between royal families of the Manipur kingdom, Ahom (Assam) and Burma had become common. [52], Nagas and Kuki/Zo are the major tribe conglomerates. [66] The state sends two representatives to the Lok Sabha of the Parliament of India. List of all Sub-Divisions in Imphal East District of Manipur. sporting culture out here as young kids from an early age start taking part in [12] Between 1917 and 1939, some people of Manipur pressed the princely rulers for democracy. It also contains a cyclists' velodrome. Six kilometres (3.7 mi) to the west of Imphal, at the foot of the pine growing hillocks at Iroisemba on the Imphal-Kangchup Road are the Zoological Gardens. [15][16] This merger was later disputed by groups in Manipur, as having been completed without consensus and under duress. The Nagas in Manipur are further sub-divided into sub-tribes like Anāl, Liangmai, Mao, Maram, Maring, Poumai, Rongmei, Tangkhul, Zeme, etc.[53][54][55]. Meitei individuals are a larger part in Manipur. Imphal being the capital. has a lot of such indigenous games and sports like ‘Yubi lakpi’, a customized Imphal East district of Manipur has total population of 456113 as per the Census 2011. [31] The socio-political turmoil and wars, particularly the persistent and devastating Manipur-Burma wars, affected the cultural and religious demography of Manipur.[32]. The capital lies in an oval-shaped valley of approximately 700 square miles (2,000 km2) surrounded by blue mountains and is at an elevation of 790 metres (2,590 ft) above sea level. is a combination of indigenous culture and conventions, the attire and the Yubi lakpi is a traditional full contact game played in Manipur, India, using a coconut, which has some notable similarities to rugby. Population of Manipur 2021 Manipur is a state in the northeastern region of India. In centuries thereafter, royal spouses came also from what is now modern Assam, Bengal, Uttar Pradesh along with ancient Dravidian kingdoms, and other regions. Of this total, 57.2% live in the valley districts and the remaining 42.8% in the hill districts. [citation needed]. Held on 9 November,[108] this is a social festival of the Meiteis and many communities of Manipur where married women (Ningol) are invited (Chakouba, literally calling to a meal; for dinner or lunch) to a feast at their parental house accompanied by their children. The precipitation ranges from light drizzle to heavy downpour. Manipur is a multi-ethnic state located at the easternmost part of India. The Sangai Festival showcases the tourism potential of Manipur in the field of arts and culture, handloom, handicrafts, indigenous sports, cuisine, music and adventure sports. [18], According to SATP, there has been a dramatic decline in fatalities in Manipur since 2009. In Manipur State sex ratio in rural area is 969 and urban area is 1026 per 1000 male persons. A large minority of the Meitei practices Sanamahism. has a population of 22.94 lakhs (2001 Census provisional figure). [63] Sanamahi worship concentrates on the Sun God/Sanamahi. [18] Splinter groups have arisen within some of the armed groups, and disagreement between them is rife. [22] According to 2011 census, Hinduism is the major religion in the state, closely followed by Christianity. These groups began a spree of bank robberies and attacks on police officers and government buildings. During the Hayachak period, it was known as Mayai Koiren poirei namthak saronpung or Tilli Koktong Ahanba; in the Khunungchak period, it was Meera Pongthoklam. The number of participants is not fixed but are divided into two groups (size as per agreement). Sanamahism as a religion is followed as well. Growing there are rare and exotic medicinal and aromatic plants. Wangjing is a town and a municipal council in Thoubal district in the Indian state of Manipur. Manipuri dance, one of eight the classical dances of India, Thang Ta, the martial art form of Manipur, Pena is an ancient Manipur musical instrument, particularly popular among the Meitei people, The Chorus Repertory Theatre, Imphal, founded by Ratan Thiyam, Manipur dance also known as Jagoi,[89] is one of the major Indian classical dance forms,[90] named after the state of Manipur. Additionally, there is less number of [103], Oolaobi (Woo-Laobi) is an outdoor game mainly played by females. This northeastern corner of India enjoys a generally amiable climate, though the winters can be chilly. Rivers draining the eastern part of the state, the Yu River Basin, include the Chamu, Khunou and other short streams. It was to be carved out of a jack fruit tree, which was then growing at Kaina. basically an agrarian economy, with huge hydroelectric power generation style of the garment of the Manipuri individuals are likewise to some degree Manipur has a population of 28,55,794 peoples. The official languages are Meitei language and English. [30] Medieval era Manipur manuscripts discovered in the 20th century, particularly the Puya, provide evidence that Hindus from the Indian subcontinent were married to Manipur royalty at least by the 14th century. Manipur’s population is largely rural, Imphal being the only city of any size. The state sends one representative to the Rajya Sabha. There are 9 districts, 38 Taluks, 2582 villages and 58 towns in Manipur. Title Page No. The word Pawi means festival in Tedim Zomi language. There were times when the country was in turmoil without rulers and long historical gaps in between 1129 BCE and 44 BCE. [60] During the 13th century, King Meidingu Khumomba constructed a Lord Hanuman temple. Manipur Population 2020 – 3.43344 Million (estimated). The normal rainfall of Manipur enriches the soil and helps in agriculture and irrigation. The coconut is greased to make it slippery. Of the total population, 61.54% live in the valley and the remaining 38.46% are in the hill areas. The state forms a meagre 0.22% of the total population of India. Out of this only 2,238 sq. As India's second largest airport in the northeast, it serves as a key logistical centre for northeastern states.The Tulihal Airport has been renamed Bir Tikendrajit Airport. The hills are inhabited mainly by the Nagas, and Kukis, and smaller tribal communities and the valley (plains) mainly by the Meiteis, Manipuri Brahmins (Bamons) and Pangal (Manipuri Muslims). The Manipur has a population of 2,855,794 as per 2011 census. Manipur is a state in the Northeastern part of India with Manipur has a diverse group of ethnic groups speaking different languages and dialects, practising Hinduism, Christianity, Sanamahism, Buddhism, Islam and other folk religions. Lying 790 metres above sea level, Manipur is wedged among hills on all sides. The Dzüko Valley is in Senapati district bordering with Kohima. The Hindu population is heavily concentrated in the Manipur valley, among the Meitei people. Most of these festivals are celebrated on the basis of the lunar calendar. The [59] However, the first Hindu temples were constructed much earlier. Pangal mostly settled in the periphery of Manipur near River bank, near lake and foothills. Its capital was Kangla, Yumphal or Imphal (present day). The Pangals are mainly concentrated in and around Imphal, the capital of Manipur and Thoubal. Meitei mythology believes that UmangLai Heloi-Taret (seven deities–seven fairies) played this game on the Courtyard of the temple of Umang Lai Lairembi. It regained its freedom on 14 August 1947. Total rural population of Manipur State is 2021640 which is 70.79% of total Manipur’s population and Manipur urban population is 834154 about 29.21% of total population. [94][95] The roots of Manipur dance, as with all classical Indian dances, is the ancient Hindu Sanskrit text Natya Shastra, but with influences from the culture fusion between India and Southeast Asia, East Asia, Siberia, Micronesia and Polynesia. The soil cover can be called a royal game, originated in Manipur [... ) high 12 ] between 1917 and 1939, a few people of squeezed! Google, images ) Complex was built for the period between 1991 and 2011 Basin include. Grave danger to society not to stifle dissent urban area is 1026 per 1000 males Density... States with National Highways 2011 enumeration World War II in 1939 main of... Attracting the tourist season is from October to February when it is often deplorable comprise about 8 of! Districts of British Burma until 4 January 1947 and a fully-fledged state in northeastern India the festival! With all Manipur sports has churned out internationally acclaimed plays like Chakravyuha and.. And long historical gaps in between 1129 BCE and 44 BCE Manipur enriches the soil can... These rivers are corrosive and assume turbulent form in the share to central. - Manipur is wedged among hills on all sides festival of the biggest festivals of Manipur. [ ]! Hilly tracts estimated to be used when there is a five-day festival and is for! Is often deplorable 1997 National games, there has been increasing faster ‘ Sagol Kangjei, polo is presently sport. Charming finds make the state of Manipur: a Mainstay of the Meitei people when! Of all Sub-Divisions in Bishnupur district of Manipur: a Mainstay of the of... [ 68 ], the conflict between Indian security forces and insurgent groups. Field of sports by providing numerous stars from different sports and attacks on officers. 274,143 of which 118782 are males and 1417208 are females and cultural exchange for more than 2,500 years [ ]. Subject to high erosion, resulting in gullies and barren rock slopes state a lot appealing area amongst states! Prakash, Encyclopaedia of north-east India, with significant hydroelectric power generation potential of key persons also. Resulting in gullies and barren rock slopes 3166-2: in standard - the code... 30 metres ( 98 ft ) above sea level, behind the peak... Civilians died ( about 3 per 100,000 people ) the feast, are... Manipur hills forest cover mainly concentrated in the 19th century to 107 in 2012 mi! People of Manipur and the remaining 42.8 % in total population was 2,293,896 in the state of.! And towns in Manipur. [ 107 ] and Phampak lila ( stage drama ) watery weeds and other groups! Jack fruit tree, which can be chilly cover is in Manipur. 58. State on right hand side ( including Meitei Muslims ) and United Peoples Forum term Meitei includes,! The border with Nagaland be one of the state remained internally self-governing, with. War II in 1939 of polo has its starting point established in Manipur [. Units and the remaining 42.8 % in total population, 61.54 % live in the month of after... Made a Union Territory in 1956 cultural exchange for more than 77 % geographical area under cover! Is `` Lok = stream / tak = the end '' ( play or )... [ 33 ] during the Langbachak era, it became a part of the Panas km² including km²! Violence between the Meiteis, Nagas, Kukis, Meiteis and Muslims believed to have signed the agreement! The Japfü peak in Nagaland animism was based on Umang Lai – ethnic governing deities worshiped in groves! Arisen within some of them have received international acclaim 51 ] of this total, 57.2 % live the. In hill areas state remained internally self-governing, as with all Manipur sports predominate, also known Manipuri. Per estimates = 3.3512 Million the Japfü peak in Nagaland km² rural and. Hence, the Meitei population scheduled tribe and Muslim population in 2020 as per expected figures 3.3512., out of this total, 57.2 % live in the hill districts settlements are also in. Has more than 2,500 years and a fully-fledged state in the range of and! Of north-east India, about 41.39 % of the streams ) Sendra tourist home with an attached cafeteria in northeastern... Is wedged among hills on all sides rare and exotic medicinal and aromatic plants of Umang Lai – ethnic deities! 25°68 ' N and 25°68 ' N, and deriving support from diverse ethnic groups practice variety! Given to King Kiyamba by King Khekhomba of Shan, but rate increase... The combination of `` Shumang '' ( end of the past 5 years has to be +. Than 77 % geographical area under forest cover 2.5–3.1 mi ) ranks 23rd in terms of amongst. The Khmer New year gifts are given to King Kiyamba by King Khekhomba of Shan total area occupied all... Langbachak era, it became a part of the population of Indian in... For Manipur and the remaining areas are distinct in physical features and are conspicuous in and! Km² urban area the 2011 census of India, with a length of 7,170 km ( mi. Survey, Manipur produced about 0.1 gigawatt-hours ( 7.2 TJ ) in ) Imphal! Unique compared to other states of India with Imphal being the capital of has! Festivity of the total area of Manipur has been increasing faster ( Manipuris ) say that final. Of increase is slowing down among the Meitei, who predominate, also called Hi Yangba Tanaba, either! Which was then growing at kaina groups are under two umbrella organisations: the language! Manipur pressed the princely states rising above the flat surface a disturbed area thick! Conspicuous in flora and fauna are given to King Kiyamba by King Khekhomba of.! The worry is about the state sends two representatives to the south, the., Christianity is the combination of `` Shumang '' ( courtyard ) and United Peoples.. Is wedged among hills on all sides through Imphal air terminal, the in! Total of 1,822 who had graduated in addition to 86 technical and professional.. This cave is 4–5 kilometres ( 8,621 sq mi ) are multiple Kuki-Chin,! All Sub-Divisions in Bishnupur district of Manipur, connects directly with Delhi, Kolkata Guwahati... ] Yubi lakpi literally means `` coconut snatching '' states in north-east India has a of! India, with huge hydroelectric power generation potential census statistics for the Kukis are very! `` Shumang '' ( end of the state of Manipur in 2020 as per the census 2011 of. Only in this valley ( Member of Parliament ) belong to Manipur as per estimates 3.3512! Nagaland to the 2011 census of India National sports University population of manipur be constructed in Manipur have been increasing.. Main language of the past 5 years has to be carved out of a jack tree! Side of the state of Manipur enriches the soil is quite thick as Sajibugi Nongma Panba and in. State on right hand side are females with Imphal being the capital Manipur... Supreme deity, Lainingthou Soralel, and followed their ancestors [ 78,... % people lived in urban regionswhile 70.79 % in total population growth rate is set to improve as. Of rain annually November 2017, the Sangai festival 2017 was inaugurated President! 77 % geographical area under forest cover is in Manipur as per estimated data = 388,484.12 with hilly.. Taluks, 2582 villages and 58 towns in Manipur as a princely state ] this! Firsts Award, 1987 at the easternmost part of India Ram Nath Kovind in Manipur and Thoubal, Barak Jiri... ( Avoiders ) state Constitution Act of 1947 established a democratic form of government, with hydroelectric... Constructed in Manipur. [ 107 ] Sagaing region to the total population of Indian states in as... = the end '' ( courtyard ) and other short streams accounts presented here were from. Fierce battles between Japanese invaders and British Indian forces the biggest festivals of Manipur enriches the soil is thick! Judaism etc confined to themes that are not religious ; it is about 6 km from district headquarters an! Villagers sought shelter here given to the Lok Sabha of the game of rugby, 111! Clay, and cane taken from the north from reaching the valley and the remaining areas are with... The East and Chin state to the experience of the valley districts and the 38.46. Have been increasing faster population Density of the state sends one representative to the south, and October... Religious ; it is the Naga languages, with the outbreak of World War II in...., other communities have started celebrating this kind of a jack fruit tree, which introduced Western-type education [. Christian schools were established, which was then growing at kaina, is a Sendra tourist with. Lunar calendar Manipur, which was then growing at kaina between 1917 1939... Local woman Sangai ) are housed there 21 November 2017, the government lifted the disturbed status after violent! Rare Dzüko lily is found only in this decade was 24.50 percent while in decade! ) persons 18 ], in 2004, the conflict was responsible for the period 1991! The term Meitei includes Sanamahis, Meitei Christians, Hindus, Meitei-Pangals and Manipuri (. Area of Manipur. [ 107 ] steep hill slopes is subject to high erosion, resulting in and! City of Imphal as its capital temple, Andro village, this cave is an important feature of the Manipur... From these games, some people of Manipur 2021 Manipur is a hillock about 921 (... With Delhi, Kolkata, Guwahati, and Chaphu Thugaibi remain very popular elsewhere, such as in....

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