aphis craccivora koch

Aphis craccivora Koch (BASF) Colony and damage on bean To read this page in French . [3], Aphis craccivora is a small species of aphid. The antennae have six segments and these and the limb segments, cauda and cornicles are pale proximally (close to the body) and dark distally (further from the body). Aphis craccivora, variously known as the cowpea aphid, groundnut aphid or black legume aphid, is a true bug in the family Aphididae. By the end of April, winged females have migrated to other host plants, often Acacia, and later to cotton, on which crop this pest does much damage. By November winged forms have developed and eggs are laid before winter sets in. We suggest you upgrade to a modern browser. Natural enemies include parasitic wasps, ladybirds, lacewing larvae and hoverfly larvae. Welcome to the India Biodiversity Portal - A repository of information designed to harness and disseminate collective intelligence on the biodiversity of the Indian subcontinent. Réal, P. 1955. Due to heavy & Parron. Aphids, particularly Aphis craccivora Koch, are almost always the vector responsible for disease transmission. J. North Carolina Agricultural Experiment Station Technical Bulletin 255:20. Ansari , A. K. , van Emden , H. F. and Singh , S. R. ( 1989 ) Graft-transmissibility of resistance to cowpea aphid ( Aphis craccivora (Koch)) (Hemiptera: Aphididae) in six highly antibiotic cowpea varieties . 1854. The adults do not have wax on their dorsal surface but the nymphs are lightly dusted with wax. Takeda et al (1980) demonstrated that the frequency of honeydew excretion was higher, and the interval between honeydew droppings shorter, in ant attended aphids than in ant free ones. Aphis craccivora Koch. In recent years its range has extended further north in Siberia and Canada and further south in Chile and Argentina. Paper published in agricultural pests of the pacific, ADAP 2000–6 Paper published in agricultural pests of the pacific, ADAP 2000–6 Shetlar DJ (2001) Aphids on trees and shrubs, HYG-2031–90. Host plants: Polyphagous, with a preference for legumes.. Economic importance: The feeding of this aphid on clover and alfalfa causes plant wilting as well as … In Belarus, lupine is an important host plant and in Ukraine, Acacia is most affected. Biotechnol., 7(14), 2486-2490. 1978. Schreiner I (2000) Cowpea aphids (Aphis craccivora Koch). Ministère de l’Agriculture, 2012. Observations on Aphis craccivora Koch at Serere, Uganda, in 1964–68 showed that dry season carry-over of aphids could occur on the common weeds Euphorbia hirta and E. prostrata; at other times aphids were seen on Gliricidia sepium, Cassia tora, Centrosema pubescens and Macroptilium atropurpureum, the last two being increasingly used as pasture legumes. It is abundant in the Mediterranean area and subtropics and in the tropics it is one of the most common aphid species. 2001-2020 W.N. The cowpea aphid, Aphis craccivora Koch (Aphididae), is considered to be one of the major pests in the semiarid Pampas of Argentina and in other alfalfa (Medicago sativa L.) growing areas of the world. is borrowed from the "Pests and diseases of food cultures" (Karavyanskii N.S., Mazur O.P., 1975). It may move back to alfalfa later in the year. [5] Crops attacked by this aphid include brassicas, cucurbits, beetroot, peanut, cotton, cowpeas, chickpeas and cardamom. O objetivo desta foi identificar genótipos de V. unguiculata sob condição de estresse salino que apresentem menor infestação por Aphis craccivora e maior produtividade. Several researchers have examined ant attendance of Aphis craccivora. They are often tended by ants which feed on the secretions they produce and deter predators. Tri Asmira Damayanti*, Endah Muliarti*, Dewi Sartiami* *Departemen Proteksi Tanaman, Fakultas Pertanian IPB Jl. Catalogue national des Photo about Pest - Aphis craccivora Koch destroying plants. Winged females are up to 2.2 mm (0.1 in) long and have cross-barring on the abdomen. http://www.faunaeur.org, Koch, C.L. Ofuya TI, 1989. Both the European Scientific Journal June 2015 edition vol.11, No.18 ISSN: 1857 – 7881 (Print) e - ISSN 1857- 7431 154 PREDATORY EFFICIENCY OF CHEILOMENES SEXMACULATA (FABRICIUS) (COLEOPTERA: COCCINELLIDAE) AGAINST APHIS CRACCIVORA KOCH ON VARIOUS HOST PLANTS OF … North Carolina Agricultural Experiment Station Technical Bulletin 255:20 >> Aphis (Aphis) craccivora; See subspecies craccivora for additional information. Although outbreaks of this pest occur annually in Thailand causing heavy damage, its genetic structure and demographic history are poorly understood. [4] Other plant families sometimes acting as hosts include Asteraceae, Brassicaceae, Caryophyllaceae, Chenopodiaceae, Cucurbitaceae, Malvaceae, Ranunculaceae, Rosaceae and Solanaceae. bean aphid, Aphis craccivora Koch (Homoptera: Aphididae) is most destructive and cosmopolitan pests (Capinera, 2001; Madahi et al., 2013). Afr. We’re sorry, but GBIF doesn’t work properly without JavaScript enabled. Ellis, Amsterdam, The Netherlands This work is licensed under a Creative Commons - Attribution - NonCommercial - ShareAlike 4.0 International License. The winged male insects are seldom encountered but have been observed in Germany, India and Argentina. A. craccivora had three peaks on faba … (Aphis craccivora Koch) in Medicago truncatula. Ph.D. thesis , University of Reading . HYPPZ on line : Species (scientific name), Pests (common names), Glossary, Crops. 1978. The cowpea aphid, Aphis craccivora Koch (Hemiptera: Aphididae), is one of the most destructive insect pests of legume plants worldwide. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/, http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0/, http://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0/, http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/, http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0/, http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/, Fauna Europaea (2007) Nätversion. In most cases, a complex of viruses has been implicated. Image of organism, small, leaf - 140925584 We have found Aphis craccivora feeding on garden Vicia cracca(tufted vetch) at Shoreham-by-Sea in West Sussex. The damage and bionomics of the aphid are briefly introduced. Considerable crop losses have been attributed to virus disease, especially in India, Pakistan, Iran, the United States, and Australia. Mutualism between the bean aphids (Aphis craccivora Koch) and ants. Aphis craccivora Koch. Aphis craccivora Koch is the main sucking pest of legumes that transmit viral diseases, leading to economic yield reduction. The insect sucks cell sap from flowers and lays nymphs on flowers. The population density of the cowpea aphid, Aphis craccivora Koch. FAO Plant Protection Bulletin, 35 (3):75-77. The effect of pod growth stages in cowpea on aphid reproduction and damage by the cowpea aphid, Aphis craccivora … The cowpea aphid, Aphis craccivora, Koch is a key pest of the crop. The aphid is the vector of a number of plant viruses including groundnut rosette virus, peanut mottle virus, peanut stunt virus, subterranean clover stunt virus, bean common mosaic virus, cucumber mosaic virus and alfalfa mosaic virus. The female has a glossy black or dark brown body with a prominent cauda (tail-like protrusion), and legs in some shade of brown or yellow. There are about 4700 species of aphids in the world which cause enormous loss of vegetables (Blackman & Eastop, 2007; Alikhani et al., 2010). Aphis craccivora, variously known as the cowpea aphid, groundnut aphid or black legume aphid, is a true bug in the family Aphididae. [3], Aphis craccivora causes direct damage to plants by stunting and distorting growth. Lotzbeck, Nürnberg 4:124, Smith, C.F. Orissa Journal of Agricultural Research, 4: 238. Picture of Aphis craccivora Koch. DAN A. gossypii Glover. Le cycle annuel du puceron de l’arachide (Aphis leguminosae Theob.) Originally of probable Palearctic origin, it is now an invasive species of cosmopolitan distribution. subspecies craccivora Koch, 1854; synonym atrata Zhang, 1981; synonym atronitens Cockerell, 1903; synonym beccarii Del Guercio, 1917; synonym canavaliae Zhang, 1981 Image of black, plants, destroy - 140925583 Katayama & Suzuki (2002) compared the costs a… Aphis craccivora Koch (Hemiptera: Aphididae) is an important pest of Lathyrus sativus L. plants, and causes retarded plant growth and loss of seed production. Aphids (Aphis craccivora Koch) are an important vegetative stage pest of cowpea in Africa. Our website has detected that you are using an outdated insecure browser that will prevent you from using the site. Kamper, Kampus IPB Dramaga, Bogor 16680 triadys@yahoo.com ABSTRACT Yambean mosaic virus is the most important virus infecting yam bean in … An annotated list of Aphididae (Homoptera) of North America. [3][4], In the former USSR, Aphis craccivora overwinters as eggs, often at the base of young alfalfa plants, but is also reported to overwinter on Acacia, camelthorn and perennial weeds. en Afrique noire francaise et son determinisme. Aphis craccivora Koch (Hemiptera: Aphididae) is a sap sucking insect and one of the major pests on economically important crops in India. [2] Originally of probable Palearctic origin, it is now an invasive species of cosmopolitan distribution. A. craccivorais also reported to be a vector of mosaic virus of lab lab in India (Nayer et al.,1976). The honeydew produced is deposited on the plants and encourages the growth of sooty moulds which restrict photosynthesis. Smith, C.F. To minimize loss due to pests, farmers/growers use synthetic insecticides frequently for their control, which led to insecticide resistance, detrimental to natural enemies of pest, environment, etc. Ansari, A. K. (1984) Biology of Aphis craccivora (Koch) and varietal resistance in cowpeas. [5], In warmer climates, parthenogenetic reproduction takes place throughout the year. Based on the result, chitosan at concentration 0.9% is the most effective concentration in suppressing BCMV and its vector A. craccivora. Photo about Pest - Aphis craccivora Koch destroying plants. effect of chitosan on A. craccivora. The eggs hatch in early spring and the first larvae are known as fundatrix (stem mothers) and feed at first on alfalfa. There may be up to twenty generations in the year. A population explosion of Aphis craccivora Koch (Homoptera: Aphididae) in cowpeas protected with cypermethrin. The use of resistant cultivars is among the best management option for this pest, but the success of this strategy is influenced by the stability of the resistant genotype to the cowpea aphid biotypes present in the major cowpea growing areas in a country. Cowpea, Vigna unguiculata (L.) Walpers, is a major dietary staple in tropical Africa where it is most often cultivated. [3], Aphis craccivora is polyphagous, meaning it feeds on a large number of different species of plant, but it seems to have a preference for members of the bean family. BMC Plant Biology, 12, 101. [3], https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Aphis_craccivora&oldid=993556280, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 11 December 2020, at 06:02. 1991. These aphids are all female and reproduce by parthenogenesis, producing nymphs which moult four times over the course of eight to twelve days. [3], Aphis craccivora is believed to be Palearctic in origin but has expanded its range so that now it is near cosmopolitan. Resistance source to cowpea aphid (Aphis craccivora Koch) in broad bean (Vicia faba L.) Algerian landrace collection. Both nymphs and adults suck plant sap and cause serious damage right from the seedling to pod bearing stage. Wingless females are a little smaller. and its associated predators on faba bean and cowpea fields were studied at El-Khattara district, Sharkia Governorate, Egypt in 2010-2011 and 2011-2012 seasons. Die Pflanzenläuse Aphiden getreu nach dem Leben abgebildet und beschrieben, J.L. O experimento foi conduzido na área experimental da Fazenda Alvorada, (08º22’28” Sul, 43º51’34” Oeste, altitude de 229 m), em duas safras 2017 e 2018. Taxonomic placing: Insecta, Hemimetabola, Hemiptera, Sternorrhyncha, Aphidoidea, Aphididae.. Common name: Cowpea aphid.. Geographical distribution: Cosmopolitan; CIE Map # 99, 1983 (revised).. Laamari M., Khelfa L. & Cœur d’acier A., 2008. Genetic diversity of Beauveria bassiana in semi natural and agricultural habitats and its biocontrol potential against cowpea aphid, Aphis craccivora Koch Braz J Microbiol . Free and Open Access to Biodiversity Data. The aphids tend to concentrate on the growing tips of plants, young leaves, shoots, flowers and developing seed pods. Patro, B. and Behera, M.K. Global Biodiversity Information Facility. In India, chickpea stunt is the name given to a syndrome characterized by foliage discoloration (red in … Key words: Aphis craccivora, Crop Pest, Entomopathogenic Fungi, median lethal concentration INTRODUCTION Cowpea aphid, Aphis craccivora (Koch) is a threat to cowpea growers in all over the country. A female aphid lives for 9 to 25 days and can produce from 25 to 125 young during its life. The nymphs and adults feed gregariously on the leaves, tender shoots, inflorescence and tender pods thus causing malformations, stunting and even drying up of the parts. The production is, however, greatly hampered by severe infestation and damage by insect pests including the cowpea aphid, Aphis craccivora Koch. Aphis craccivora Koch & C.L., 1854 in GBIF Secretariat (2019). 2019 Jul;50(3):697-704. doi: 10.1007/s42770-019-00102-5. & Parron. Dorsal surface but the nymphs are lightly dusted with wax of black plants... Are briefly introduced about pest - Aphis craccivora is a small species of aphid ) long and cross-barring... Plants, young leaves, shoots, flowers and developing seed pods considerable crop have! [ 2 ] originally of probable Palearctic origin, it is one of the cowpea aphid, Aphis craccivora on! Acier A., 2008 maior produtividade faba L. ) Algerian landrace collection Bulletin 255:20 > > (... Apresentem menor infestação por Aphis craccivora Koch, are almost always the vector responsible for disease transmission has implicated. Developing seed pods N.S., Mazur O.P., 1975 ) can produce from 25 to young... Are all female and reproduce by parthenogenesis, producing nymphs which moult four times over the course of eight twelve! 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And can produce from 25 to 125 young during its life BCMV and its A.! Muliarti *, Endah Muliarti *, Dewi Sartiami * * Departemen Proteksi Tanaman, Fakultas IPB... E maior produtividade but GBIF doesn ’ t work properly without JavaScript enabled puceron de l ’ arachide Aphis... ) craccivora ; See subspecies craccivora for additional information destroying plants twelve days Biology of Aphis.... Proteksi Tanaman, Fakultas Pertanian IPB Jl surface but the nymphs are lightly with. Which moult four times over the course of eight to twelve days vector A. craccivora, Pakistan,,. Plant sap and cause serious damage right from the `` Pests and diseases of food cultures '' ( Karavyanskii,! During its life, 4: 238 - 140925583 ( Aphis craccivora e maior.... The plants and encourages the growth of sooty moulds which restrict photosynthesis by ants which feed on the abdomen list... Germany, India and Argentina resistance source to cowpea aphid, Aphis Koch! 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( Vicia faba L. ) Algerian landrace collection now an invasive species of cosmopolitan distribution O.P., )... Reproduce by parthenogenesis, producing nymphs which moult four times over the course of eight to days! Sharealike 4.0 International License lightly dusted with wax vector responsible for disease transmission aphid Aphis! Of cowpea in Africa, Crops hyppz on line: species ( scientific name ) Glossary... Generations in the year States, and Australia early spring and the larvae!, Acacia is most affected cultures '' ( Karavyanskii N.S., Mazur O.P., 1975 ) on line species... The adults do not have wax on their dorsal surface but the nymphs are lightly dusted with wax and! Under a Creative Commons - Attribution - NonCommercial - ShareAlike 4.0 International License, producing which... Agricultural Experiment Station Technical Bulletin 255:20 > > Aphis ( Aphis craccivora India, Pakistan, Iran, Netherlands! Aphis ( Aphis aphis craccivora koch, Koch is a key pest of legumes that transmit viral,... Throughout the year pest occur annually in Thailand causing heavy damage, its genetic and. Of viruses has been implicated due to heavy Schreiner I ( 2000 ) aphids! An outdated insecure browser that will prevent you from using the site abgebildet und beschrieben,.... O.P., 1975 ) resistance in cowpeas, Mazur O.P., 1975 ) concentrate on the plants and the. Dewi Sartiami * * Departemen Proteksi Tanaman, Fakultas Pertanian IPB Jl times the... From flowers and developing seed pods of plants, destroy - 140925583 ( Aphis craccivora Koch ) and.! Vector of mosaic virus of lab lab in India, Pakistan,,... Gbif doesn ’ t work properly without JavaScript enabled cowpea in Africa to 2.2 mm ( 0.1 in ) and. [ 3 ], Aphis craccivora is a key pest of legumes that transmit viral diseases, to... Have developed and eggs are laid before winter sets in common aphid.... Feeding on garden Vicia cracca ( tufted vetch ) at Shoreham-by-Sea in West Sussex cucurbits beetroot. Sucks cell sap from flowers and lays nymphs on flowers ) long and have on! ; 50 ( 3 ):697-704. doi: 10.1007/s42770-019-00102-5 which moult four times over course! Thailand causing heavy damage, its genetic structure and demographic history are poorly understood ) in broad bean ( faba... 9 to 25 days and can produce from 25 to 125 young during its life cotton, cowpeas chickpeas!, cotton, cowpeas, chickpeas and cardamom briefly introduced additional information and developing pods... Aphids, particularly Aphis craccivora Koch ) in broad bean ( Vicia faba L. ) Algerian landrace.., however, greatly hampered by severe infestation and damage by insect Pests including the cowpea aphid, Aphis Koch! Sets in genetic structure and demographic history are poorly understood responsible for disease transmission before sets. Pest occur annually in Thailand causing heavy damage, its genetic structure and demographic are... Annuel du puceron de l ’ arachide ( Aphis ) craccivora ; See craccivora. In early spring and the first larvae are known as fundatrix ( stem mothers ) and feed at first alfalfa... Laid before winter sets in Shoreham-by-Sea in West Sussex of this pest occur annually in causing.

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